As any true sportsman will tell you, a little weather doesn't stop the game. And in no sport is this truer than in American football.
Some of football's most memorable games have been played in the most inclement of weather -- floods, blizzards, and polar-vortex-worthy cold included. Let's take a look at these, along with how their extreme weather conditions affected the field, players, and even the ball itself.01of 05
Does Weather Ever Cancel Football Games?Sean Locke/Photodisc/Getty Images
When it comes to weather, football, like our US postal service, has a "neither snow, nor rain, nor heat… " culture. That is, it takes a weather event of epic proportions to stop it.
In fact, no written protocol or weather guidelines even exist in the NFL Rulebook. According to the official NFL playing rules, only the Commissioner, Roger Goodell, has the authority to cancel, postpone, delay, or terminate games, including games affected by inclement weather. Only once since 1933 has a game ever been flat out canceled (and never rescheduled) due to weather -- the 1935 Boston Redskins at Philadelphia Eagles game due to rain and heavy snow.02of 05
Fumbling in the RainJim Arbogast/DigitalVision/Getty Images
A little rain never hurt fans or footballers. But it has caused mischief on the field, including flooding it; making grass and turf slick underfoot; washing away yard line, hash line, and end line markers; and increasing ball fumbles.
Some of the soggiest games in NFL history include:
- The "1979 Monsoon Game" - Rainfall flowed down the Tampa Stadium steps like a waterfall during that year's first division championship game of the Bucs vs. Chiefs.
- The "Mud Bowl" - In October 1998, the Seattle Seahawks played the Kansas City Chiefs during one of Kansas City's worst floods on record. Two rounds of thunderstorms delayed the game's start by an hour and drenched the metro area with around 5 inches of rain.
- The 2007 "Muddy Night Football" - A storm system dumped 1.5 inches of rain on Pittsburgh's Heinz Field just before a Steelers vs. Dolphins game. Footing was so terrible, the only points scored was a Steelers field goal late in the third quarter. It was the lowest scoring game ever played on Monday Night Football.
Running in a Winter Wonderland
Al Pereira/Getty Images
Sleet and freezing rain on the field poses a similar threat to players as ice does to pedestrians and drivers on roadways and sidewalks: A total loss of traction.
One of the most memorable ice storms in NFL game history is the "Sleet Bowl" -- the 1993 Thanksgiving Day Classic game between the Dallas Cowboys and Miami Dolphins. A reported 0.3 of an inch of sleet fell during the game, making Dallas running back Emmitt Smith feel more like a hockey player than a footballer. "It was so bad," he said, "that we might as well have worn ice skates."
The ice also cost the Cowboys the win when defensive tackle Leon Lett slipped into the dead ball while trying to grab it, allowing Miami to recover the muff and kick a (successful) field goal as the clock expired.04of 05
Tim DeFrisco/Getty Images
Snow, like its wintry weather relatives sleet and freezing rain, can make for a slippery football field, but its primary threats it poses are covering white goal lines, end lines, hash marks. If snowfall is particularly heavy, or if winds are strong or gusty, it can also impair visibility.
Some of the NFL's snowiest games include:
- The "Bronco Blizzard" - Up to 15 inches of snow fell across the Denver area during this October 1984 Broncos vs. Packers game.
- The "Lake Effect Bowl" - In December 2007, intense bands of lake effect snow impacted the Cleveland area and Buffalo Bills at Browns game. Despite both teams being used to such weather, a white-out field kept the score low (8-0 Browns).
Cold TemperaturesRogier van der Weijden/Moment/Getty Images
Football is no stranger to cold weather, which can have a myriad of effects like freezing grass (or turf) underfoot and deflating footballs.
A football (which is customarily inflated indoors) can deflate by roughly 0.2 PSI for every 10-degree drop in temperature it experiences after being transferred outdoors. It's the same reason why your vehicle's tires deflate when it's cold. (Who can forget 2015's Patriots vs. Colts AFC Championship game, aka "Deflategate"?)
One of football's coldest games was the "Ice Bowl" -- the 1967 NFL Championship game between the Packers and the Cowboys. During the game, temperatures at Lambeau Field dropped to -13 °F and wind chills to -40 °F. To combat this level of cold, the Packers began filling their home field's underground pipes with an antifreeze solution (yes, the same stuff that's in your car) in 1997 to discourage turf freezing.
- 2015 NFL Rulebook. Football Operations, The National Football League.
- Football Weather. The National Weather Service, Louisville, KY Weather Forecast Office.