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Alexander (Alex) James was born in Mossend, Scotland, on 14th September, 1901. He played local football for Brandon Amateurs, Orbiston Celtic and Glasgow Ashfield before joining Raith Rovers in the Scottish League. James made his league debut in September 1922 against Celtic.
Alex James scored 28 goals in 98 games in the three years he was at Raith Rovers. In 1925 Frank Richards, the manager of Preston North End, paid £3,000 for James. He also purchased his teammate, David Morris, and the captain of the Scottish national team, at the same time.
James did well in his first season ending up as the club's top scorer with 14 league goals. He also won his first international cap when he played in Scotland's 3-0 victory over Wales in October, 1925.
In the 1926-27 season Alex James developed a good partnership with centre-forward, Tommy Roberts, who had returned to the club after spending a couple of seasons at Burnley. Preston finished in 6th position in the 1926-27 season, with Roberts scoring 30 goals.
Tommy Roberts was involved in a serious car accident and was forced into retirement. He was replaced by Norman Robson who managed 19 goals in 22 appearances. That year Preston finished in 4th position. The following year he was paired up with fellow Scotsman, Alex Hair, who ended up as top scorer with 19 goals.
Alex James attracted the notice of all the top clubs when he scored two spectacular goals in Scotland's 5-1 victory over England at Wembley on 31st March, 1928.
In four years at Preston North End Alex James had scored 55 goals in 157 appearance. He also supplied the passes that resulted in plenty of goals for his strike partners, Tommy Roberts, Norman Robson and Alex Hair.
As a schoolboy, Tom Finney, used to watch James play at Deepdale. "James was the top star of the day, a genius. There wasn't much about him physically, but he had sublime skills and the knack of letting the ball do the work. He wore the baggiest of baggy shorts and his heavily gelled hair was parted down the centre. On the odd occasion when I was able to watch a game at Deepdale, sometimes sneaking under the turnstiles when the chap on duty was distracted, I was in awe of James. Preston were in the Second Division and the general standard of football was not the best, but here was a magic and a mystery about James that mesmerised me."
James had become frustrated with playing Second Division football. He was also upset with Preston North End for not always releasing him to play international games for Scotland. Most of all, he was dissatisfied with his wages. At the time, the Football League operated a maximum wage of £8 a week. However, other clubs had found ways around this problem. This included Arsenal who signed James for £8,750 in 1929. Herbert Chapman, the manager of Arsenal, arranged for James to obtain a £250-a-year "sports demonstrator" job at Selfridges. It was also agreed that James would be paid for a weekly "ghosted" article for a London evening newspaper.
Alex James had been a goalscoring inside-forward at Preston North End. However, Herbert Chapman wanted him to plat the role of link man in his system. As Chapman later pointed out: "He had his ideas as to how he should play, but they did not quite fit in with those we favoured, and it was necessary that he should make some change." James found it difficult to adapt to this role and Arsenal started the 1929-30 season badly. In a cup-tie against Chelsea Chapman dropped James from the team. Arsenal won the game and James was not recalled until he had convinced Chapman that he was willing to play the link man role.
Herbert Chapman gradually adapted the "WM" formation that had originally been suggested by Charlie Buchan. Chapman used his full-backs to mark the wingers (that job had previously been done by the wing-halves). He also developed what became known as the counter-attacking game. This relied on the passing ability of Alex James and goalscoring forwards like David Jack, Jimmy Brain, Joe Hulme, Cliff Bastin, and Jack Lambert. Chapman also built up a good defence that included players such as Bob John, Eddie Hapgood, Herbert Roberts, Alf Baker, Tom Parker and George Male.
Success was not immediate and Arsenal finished in 14th place in the 1929-30 season. They did much better in the FA Cup. Arsenal beat Birmingham City (1-0), Middlesbrough (2-0), West Ham United (3-0) and Hull City (1-0) to reach the final against Chapman's old club, Huddersfield Town. At the age of 18 years and 43 days, Cliff Bastin was the youngest player to appear in a FA Cup Final.
Eddie Hapgood later described the role that Alex James played in the 2-0 victory. "Alex was fouled somewhere near the penalty area, and, almost before the ball had stopped rolling, had taken the free-kick. He sent a short pass to Cliff Bastin, moved into position to take a perfect return, and banged the ball into the Huddersfield net for the all-important first goal. Tom Crew told me that James made a silent appeal for permission to take the kick, and he waved him on. It was one of the smartest moves ever made in a big match and it gave us the Cup. I contend that it was fair tactics; for if Alex had waited a few seconds for the whistle, the Huddersfield defence would have been in position, and the advantage of the free-kick would have been lost." Jack Lambert got the second goal late in the second half, also from a move started by Alex James.
The following season Arsenal won their first ever First Division Championship with a record 66 points. The Gunners only lost four games that season. Jack Lambert was top-scorer with 38 goals. Other important players in the team included Alex James, Frank Moss, Alex James, David Jack, Cliff Bastin, Joe Hulme, Eddie Hapgood, Bob John, Jimmy Brain, Tom Parker, Herbert Roberts, Alf Baker and George Male.
Arsenal began the season badly. West Bromwich Albion won at Highbury in the opening game and victory did not come until the fifth match, at home to Sunderland. Arsenal's main problem was a lack of goals from Jack Lambert who was suffering from an ankle injury. However, Lambert recovered his goalscoring touch and Arsenal went on a good run and gradually began to catch the leaders, Everton.
Arsenal also did well in the FA Cup. They beat Plymouth Argyle (4-2), Portsmouth (2-0), Huddersfield Town (1-0), and Manchester City (1-0) to reach the final. Arsenal's league form was also good and after the FA semi-final they were only three points behind Everton, with a game in hand. This was followed by victories over Newcastle United and Derby County and it seemed that Arsenal might win the cup and league double.
The next game was against West Ham United at Upton Park. After two minutes Jim Barrett went for a loose ball with Alex James. According to Bernard Joy: "James chased after it, both went awkwardly into the tackle and as James slipped, down came the full weight of Barrett's fifteen stone on to his outstretched leg." James had suffered serious ligament damage and was unable to play for the rest of the season. Arsenal missed their playmaker and won only one more league game and Everton won the title by two points.
The Arsenal managing director at the time, George Allison said of Alex James: "No one like him ever kicked a ball. He had a most uncanny and wonderful control, but because this was allied to a split-second thinking apparatus, he simply left the opposition looking on his departing figure with amazement."
Arsenal won the First Division by four points in the 1932-33 season. Alex James was in fine form. So also was Cliff Bastin, the team's left-winger, was top scorer with 33 goals. This was the highest total ever scored by a winger in a league season. Joe Hulme, the outside right, contributed 20 goals.
This illustrates the effectiveness of Chapman's counter-attacking strategy. As the authors of The Official Illustrated History of Arsenal have pointed out: "In 1932-33 Bastin and Hulme scored 53 goals between them, perfect evidence that Arsenal did play the game very differently from their contemporaries, who tended to continue to rely on the wingers making goals for the centre-forward, rather than scoring themselves. By playing the wingers this way, Chapman was able to have one more man in midfield, and thus control the supply of the ball, primarily through Alex James."
Jeff Harris argues in his book, Arsenal Who's Who: "The reason that Bastin was so deadly was that unlike any other winger, he stood at least ten yards in from the touch line so that his alert football brain could thrive on the brilliance of James threading through defence splitting passes with his lethal finishing completing the job."
Matt Busby was playing for Manchester City at the time. He later recalled: "Alex James was the great creator from the middle. From an Arsenal rearguard action the ball would, seemingly inevitably, reach Alex. He would feint and leave two or three opponents sprawling or plodding in his wake before he released the ball, unerringly, to either the flying Joe Hulme, who would not even have to pause in his flight, or the absolutely devastating Cliff Bastin, who would take a couple of strides and whip the ball into the net. The number of goals created from rearguard beginnings by Alex James were the most significant factor in Arsenal's greatness."
Tommy Lawton argued that James " was often described as being slow, but I have seen the little Scot move at breakneck speed. His greatest weapon was his ability to feint, either with his foot or with his head. I have seen him stand still, swaying like a snake under the influence of the charmer, and scatter experienced defenders this way and that."
Stanley Matthews was another player who appreciated James' talents: "Alex supplied the ammunition for his fellow Gunners and was widely regarded as the most astute football tactician of his time. It is no exaggeration to say that Arsenal manager Herbert Chapman built his team around him. The Arsenal of the day were a team of rare talent and Alex James was its mastermind, though you would never suspect it on seeing him.... There were many who believed his carefree appearance was natural, others thought it all part of a pose, but it was in sharp contrast to one of the tidiest and sharpest football brains there has ever been. He hated wasted effort. To him it was a mark of poor technique and indicative of a poor footballing brain. For all he could be intolerant of those who did not match up to his classical artistry, he was the arch entertainer - a diminutive Scottish comic who held his audience and opponents spellbound until he delivered his killer punchline.
Sunderland were Arsenal's main challengers in the 1933-34 season thanks to a forward line that included Raich Carter, Patsy Gallacher, Bob Gurney and Jimmy Connor. In March 1934 Sunderland went a point ahead. However, the Gunners had games in hand and they clinched the league title with a 2-0 victory over Everton. One of the goals was scored by goalkeeper Frank Moss who suffered a dislocated shoulder and was forced to play on the left-wing for the remainder of the game.
According to Frederick Wall, the president of the Football Association, Alex James was the best player he saw in 50 years of watching football: "Alex James never suppresses himself. He may conceal his intention, he may lead a man away on the wrong trail, he may hold the ball and invite a tackle, he may fool an opponent who becomes ruffled, and he may do the most unexpected thing in a flash, but he does not seem to care what may happen to himself... Alex James is the greatest of all the outstanding players of his period, and, in my judgment, he would have been just as masterful, whimsical, and self-possessed in any period when football has been an organized, collective and disciplined game."
The 1935-36 season was not so good for Arsenal, finishing in 6th place behind Sunderland. However, James did captain Arsenal to a FA Cup Final win against Sheffield United. James was now 35 years old and could no longer recapture his best form.
James retired from football in 1937. During the Second World War he served in the Royal Artillery. After the war he worked as a journalist until taking up a coaching role with Arsenal in 1949.
Alex James died of cancer at the age of 51 on 1st June, 1953.
Although football dominated my early life - that should probably read my entire life come to think of it - opportunities for watching the game were restricted. Apart from anything else, I was always too busy playing. But as a proud Prestonian, I was acutely aware of Preston North End Football Club and, in common with the other lads who kicked a rubber ball around the back fields of Holme Slack, my dream was to be the next Alex James.
James was the top star of the day, a genius. Preston were in the Second Division and the general standard of football was not the best, but here was a magic and a mystery about James that mesmerised me.
The man behind Preston's capture of James was chairman Jim Taylor, who later signed me and went on to play a major part in my early career.
The son of a railwayman and a native of North Lanarkshire, Alex James was a steelworker when his football talents were first spotted by Raith Rovers in the year of my birth. He earned good money north of the border - £6 in the winter and £4 in the summer - and his form brought the scouts flocking in. Preston were always well served with 'spies' in Scotland and while his short stature and dubious temperament caused a few potential buyers to dither, Jim Taylor was more bullish. In the June of 1925, the chairman went in with a £2,500 bid - an offer later raised to £3,500 to ward off a late inquiry from Leicester City. Taylor had his man and the signing of James proved a masterstroke. The supporters loved him, a fact reflected in the attendances, which rose by around £300 per game. He was box office, the draw card, a player who grabbed your attention and refused to let go.
James was a character off the field, too. He liked clubs - of the night-time variety - owned a car and, by all accounts, enjoyed playing practical jokes on his colleagues. But he was also a perfectionist, a footballer acutely aware of both his ability and his responsibility. The experts scratched their heads about why his talent was being allowed to languish outside the top flight and it wasn't long before Arsenal came in to present him with a bigger stage. He was my first football hero and my role model and when he was transferred to the Gunners I thought I would never get over it.
The kickabouts we had in the fields and on the streets were daily events, sometimes involving dozens and dozens of kids. There were so many bodies around you had to be flippin' good to get a kick. Once you got hold of the ball, you didn't let it go too easily. That's where I first learned about close control and dribbling.
It was a world of make-believe - were children more imaginative in those days? - and although we only had tin cans and school caps for goalposts, it mattered not a jot. In my mind, this basic field was Deepdale and I was the inside-left, Alex James. I tried to look like him, run like him, juggle the ball and body swerve like him. By being James, I became more confident in my own game. He never knew it, but Alex James played a major part in my development.
During the season which ended in April 1929, I had finally clinched my place in the Arsenal first team, while Herbert Roberts, Charlie Jones and Jack' Lambert had also made their appearance. During the following summer, Herbert Chapman made two of his greatest "buys," to change, materially, the fortunes of our club.
He signed Alexander James and Clifford Sydney Bastin.
James was 28 and brought, from Preston, a reputation which cost Arsenal £9,000; Bastin was barely seventeen and had been a professional footballer a matter of weeks. What a contrast - and what a wing.
Brought together from clubs as far apart as Preston and Exeter; one a tough little Scot from Bellshill, hard as a nut, commercially-minded, determined to get much out of football, who had joined Arsenal because it offered the best possibilities of improving his position ; the other, the son of sturdy West Country folk, who was born to be great, quiet, reserved, but, even then, with the infinite ability of being able to play football with the touch of the master... their destinies were irretrievably interwoven. The James-Bastin wing was a natural.
It was with more than ordinary interest that I met Alex when we reported from training that August. I had met one with an accent like Alex's. But when I got to understand his dialect, we had much to do with each other. Alex believes in speaking his mind, a failing, or virtue, of mine, so we had that in common.
Apart from his accent, Alex also had an amazing pair of legs " the most kicked legs in soccer," they were once called. However many times he was kicked during a match, and it was usually pretty often, the bruises never showed. And, frequently, until he got used to it, Tom would say Alex was swinging the lead, when he went to the Whittaker "surgery" for treatment.
Alex James, with those incredibly long pants, was often described as being slow, but I have seen the little Scot move at breakneck speed. I have seen him stand still, swaying like a snake under the influence of the charmer, and scatter experienced defenders this way and that. Yes, Alex was an incredible player, like Matthews, one who defies description.
When I look back over my football life and try to recall the players who have left abiding impressions upon me I feel compelled to ask myself one question: "Has the game ever had another Alex James?" Frankly, I have never seen another.
Commenting upon the players of my time, that is over a period of more than 60 years, as an amateur, as a referee, and as an administrative official, I have either watched or been in touch with many of the most renowned footballers.
There are men still alive and still interested in the sport whose names are more or less familiar to this generation because of their footwork, their quick wits on the field, and their physical courage.
It is possible to choose from them an ideal England eleven, each man a master and the whole likely to blend.
This would, of course, be a purely imaginative combination based on the assumption that every one of these eleven was now at his physical best and playing at the height of his power as a footballer.
And yet, when I look at the names, the question arises: Is there an Alex James among them all? Not to my mind.
I am much concerned about the few really great footballers there are in these days. They are so battered about and played on that sympathy is aroused for them.
This is not a covert suggestion that football is played in a foul manner. Considering how valuable League points are to the club, and remembering the almost overpowering desire to win ties in the Association Cup tournament, the games are cleanly and fairly contested. There is plenty of vigour and robustness, but these are everyday experiences. There are few games in which force supersedes skill.
Nevertheless, an effective player, whose anticipation, ready power of observation and quick, decisive action, make him the driving wheel of the machine, becomes a marked man. How often has it been said that "we must stop" James, or David Jack, Buchan, "Billy" Walker, Clem Stephenson, Billy Gillespie?
In every good team there is a commanding personality, an extra good player, who is a leader. To the ordinary spectator the team may seem to excel because of its collective strength-but the players know the man whose influence is felt, whose tactics and shrewd touches mean so much to the eleven. He is always a marked man.
But Alex James never suppresses himself. He may conceal his intention, he may lead a man away on the wrong trail, he may hold the ball and invite a tackle, he may fool an opponent who becomes ruffled, and he may do the most unexpected thing in a flash, but he does not seem to care what may happen to himself.
Do not be deluded by any praise bestowed upon the most celebrated men of former days, or by the prejudiced criticism of this day.
Alex James is the greatest of all the outstanding players of his period, and, in my judgment, he would have been just as masterful, whimsical, and self-possessed in any period when football has been an organized, collective and disciplined game.
I live more in the present than in the past. I am confident I have never seen another James, and it would be almost foolish to be sanguine of any club ever discovering his like.
It is customary for club managers and writers for newspapers to speak of A, B, or C as "another James"; as the material likely to develop into "another James."
Without being either cynical or sceptical, I shall only believe there is "another James" when he presents himself in action.
Apart from his trickery, juggling and ball control in little space, his ability to scheme, open up the game and set the forwards galloping, there is the mental equipment of the man. He is a Scotsman.
James is a man of extraordinary self-possession. He never loses himself-and rarely the ball. You may take the ball from him-if you can-but he never gives it.
This equanimity of mind is a tremendous asset. Excitement does not appear to be part of his make-up. However he may be played on, rolled on the ground, battered and bruised, hampered and hustled, he never betrays the least trace of resentment. If he has such a feeling it never can be inferred from his actions. However he may be nudged or buffeted, he picks himself up and goes on with the business he has to do.
The reader may say that a little fellow of 5 ft. 6 in., and under 11 stone, could not afford to be hasty in temper and resentful. That may be or may not be, but he is keen on what he believes to be his rights, and he can be stubborn. Yet on the field he is a model, and if there were 22 like him in a match the referee could be dispensed with.
His control of himself is as great a gift to him as his control of the ball. Nature's bounty and his own industry have made him the footballer he is. Such a combination is rare, and that is why I despair of ever again looking upon his like.
Alex James was the great creator from the middle. The number of goals created from rearguard beginnings by Alex James were the most significant factor in Arsenal's greatness.
Arsenal were without doubt the top side in England during the thirties, winning the League Championship four times (1931, 1933-35) and the FA Cup twice (1930 and 1936). Alex supplied the ammunition for his fellow Gunners and was widely regarded as the most astute football tactician of his time. The Arsenal of the day were a team of rare talent and Alex James was its mastermind, though you would never suspect it on seeing him. While his team-mates would run on to the pitch for a game, James would shuffle on. He was a short, squat figure with bandy legs protruding from shorts so baggy it looked as if he was wearing a large white pillow case about his midriff. Toes turned in, sleeves down but always unbuttoned at the cuff, more often than not socks about his ankles, you would never think that this was a man who laid claim to genius.
His baggy shorts which hung well below his knees became his trademark and were as popular with cartoonists as Stanley Baldwin's pipe, Neville Chamberlain's umbrella or Winston Churchill's cigar. If you really want to know what society was like in years gone by, rather than read history books, look at the cartoons of the day. In retrospect, they capture a time perfectly. No footballer was portrayed more accurately or succinctly than Alex James.
There were many who believed his carefree appearance was natural, others thought it all part of a pose, but it was in sharp contrast to one of the tidiest and sharpest football brains there has ever been. For all he could be intolerant of those who did not match up to his classical artistry, he was the arch entertainer - a diminutive Scottish comic who held his audience and opponents spellbound until he delivered his killer punchline.
Under Herbert Chapman he cut out the comedy some what and developed a taste for strategy, dominating the area of field between a resolute Arsenal defence as reluctant to push on as more contemporary Gunners defences have been, and a quicksilver forward line. Herbert Chapman's pre-match instructions to his team were as short as they were monotonous. "Give the ball to Alex," he would say and when they did, this unlikely looking hero single-handedly directed the Gunners offensive with seemingly consummate ease.
My greatest Cup Final thrill was my first in 1930, I had only been in the Arsenal first team little over a year. We beat mighty Huddersfield that day, a great win, and a great moment for the Old Boss, who had made Huddersfield into a wonderful side, and who had then come on to make us an even greater team. That was the start of our great run. In the next eight years we won the League five times, were runners-up once and finished third on another occasion. We also won the Cup and were beaten in the Final.
There was a lot of newspaper criticism about our first goal. One school of thought had it that Alex James committed an infringement when scoring. Others argued that it was quite legal. We of the Arsenal contended then, and I do so now, that it was fair. And a conversation I had with Tom Crew, who refereed the game, some time later, bears out that contention.
Alex was fouled somewhere near the penalty area, and, almost before the ball had stopped rolling, had taken the free-kick. I contend that it was fair tactics; for if Alex had waited a few seconds for the whistle, the Huddersfield defence would have been in position, and the advantage of the free-kick would have been lost. Jack Lambert got the second goal late in the second half, also from a move by Alex.
It will he recalled, too, that Alex James had an unhappy experience in the early part of the same season, and I shall always think that the dead set which was made against him was deliberately manufactured to hurt the club as well as the player. It was one of the meanest things I have ever known, and one of the finest players it has been my pleasure to see almost had his heart broken. That is not an exaggeration.
Like Jack, James was a much-boomed player when he joined us. In Scotland, where he was perhaps better known and appreciated than in England, though he had been nearly five years at Preston, he was known as "King James." He had his ideas as to how he should play, but they did not quite fit in with those we favoured, and it was necessary that he should make some change. He was always willing to do this, in fact, you could not wish for a better club man. However, before he had time to settle down to the Arsenal style, he was seriously upset by the bitter criticism to which he was subjected, and it was decided that the only thing to do was to allow him a rest.
I frankly admit, however, that I did not know how we were going to get him back into the side. It may be remembered how it was done, how he was taken to Birmingham, and brought out again in the replayed Cup tie with Birmingham. I am happy to say he has never looked back since, and that he has justified every hope and expectation. But the Arsenal nearly lost him, and if the worst had happened, those who had made the game a misery to him would have had to bear the blame.
James also arrived in North London in headline-making circumstances, but only after a prolonged Nicolas Anelka-like sulk had ensured his departure from Preston North End. James was keen to earn more than the £8-a-week maximum wage, but the only way for Arsenal to circumvent the Football League’s strict regulations was for their signing to take up additional employment as a “sports demonstrator” at Selfridge’s on the impressive salary of £250.
He was not an instant success — one sarcastic fan sent him a pair of battered child’s football boots with an accompanying note suggesting “it doesn’t matter much what you wear anyhow” — but James quickly became the brains behind a team that dominated domestic football in a fashion that had not previously been seen.
Lying deeper than conventional inside forwards, he would spring Arsenal’s rapid breakaways from defence — a tactic that earned them the tag “lucky Arsenal” from disgruntled opposing fans who had frequently seen their team dominate territorially for no tangible reward.
That tactic demonstrated the quality the little man with the commodious shorts shared most with his modern-day counterpart — the ability to hit passes so stunningly beautiful that they could adorn the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Offensive Powers are abilities mutated due to the Blacklight infection present within Alex Mercer and James Heller. Ώ] Each ability has its own purpose and can be adapted to a particular situation. However, Heller's abilities vary from those of Mercer. ΐ]
In May 2019, James Charles was accused of being predatory to straight men by Tati Westbrook. At the time of James' video "tati" still being available, there was not enough information about the situation, but Alex and many other YouTubers decided to side with Tati. In his video "My Experiences With James Charles," he claimed that there was a lot of "evidence" that proved that he was guilty of it. (He also partially defended James Charles in a subsequent video) After James' video "No More Lies" came out of him debunking the allegations, Alex apologized to Charles after this.
On June 10, 2019, Slazo's ex-girlfriend, Chey, made a post on TwitLonger, explaining that she had a relationship with Slazo, but the relationship was toxic, including her claim that Slazo was "emotionally and sexually abusive." Due to these allegations, YouTubers like ImAllexx, Kingani, and Weest came out in support of Chey. However, when Slazo showed evidence that Chey's allegations were a lie, ImAllexx and many others still sided with Chey and made various tweets, defending Chey and claiming Slazo was "manipulative" Ώ] .
The podcast series Baited (featuring Keemstar, Colossal is Crazy and the return of Tommy C's SFTP) uploaded an episode where all three hosts criticize ImAllexx for his behaviour on YouTube ΐ] . Kavos, who is not in good terms with ImAllexx, also made a video criticizing him for his handling of the situation Α] . The last tweet that he made about the situation was a statement clarifying how he actually felt about the situation and why he got involved. The drama ended up damaging ImAllexx's reputation so greatly that very few commentators would align with him.
In 2017, ImAllexx, ElvisTheAlien, and BionicPig accused Zaptie of being a "sociopath," and a "pedophile." BionicPig and ElvisTheAlien have Apologized to Zaptie but Alex hasn't spoken about the situation yet. Turkey Tom goes into detail here Β] .
With the help of the laptop Alex had sent her before he went missing, Dana was able to help Alex get to Dr. McMullen, the Director of Gentek. She discovered that Gentek worked on creating and manipulating viral strands. She also discovered the identity of a test subject being held in the Gentek building, an apparently young girl named Elizabeth Greene whom Alex later released in his search for answers. Greene was revealed to be a Blacklight being that later intensified and directed the spread of the virus in the city. ΐ]
Dana taken by the Leader Hunter.
In order to find further information about the outbreak, she suggested Alex contact his ex-girlfriend, Karen Parker, who was also an employee of Gentek. After a few days she tracked down a pathologist named Bradley Ragland, a former employee of Gentek who had resigned for unknown reasons.
With her help, Alex was able to find out who he was before the outbreak. Dana was disgusted and disturbed when Alex admitted his murderous acts and what her brother had become. However, Alex apologized, pleading that such murders were necessary to regain his life. As he was the only person she ever cared for, Dana forgave him. ΐ]
Their reconciliation was cut short when a Leader Hunter, broke through the wall of the apartment and took her hostage. Alex tried to rescue her but the rescue was foiled by the military's interference. The Hunter managed to escape with Dana. Alex then contacted Dr. Ragland for help, who suggested that in order to find his sister, he must consume a Leader Hunter and tap into the Hive mind. Prepared to rescue his sister at all costs, Alex tracked down and consumed a Leader Hunter to access the hive mind. He discovered that Greene had ordered the kidnapping, the reason for this however was not known. ΐ]
With Blackwatch's unwitting help, Alex entered the building where she was kept. He was confronted by Elizabeth Greene, into whom Alex injected the cancer he was previously infected with in the hopes of ending her. Her body rejected the parasite instantly and the rejected biomass manifested as a new form of Hunter. Alex barely managed to defeat the hunter, and took Dana to Ragland. Checking her vitals, he tells Alex that she is stable but unresponsive, most likely in a comatose state. Alex left her in his care and resumed his hunt. ΐ]
‘A Brief History of Seven Killings,’ by Marlon James
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“Well, at some point you gotta expand on a story,” a character observes late in Marlon James’s new novel, “A Brief History of Seven Killings.” “You can’t just give it focus, you gotta give it scope.”
An American journalist named Alex Pierce is explaining himself to a group of Jamaican drug lords, members of the Storm Posse, who have tracked him down in Brooklyn and are threatening to kill him if he doesn’t rewrite his next article according to their specifications.
It’s 1991, and Alex knows both too little and too much about the gang violence that has bedeviled Jamaica since its independence in 1962. Like all writers, he is a clueless person looking for a clue. Novelists, in particular, are plagued by this urgent sense of unknowing. James, Pierce’s creator, is so inquisitive that he goes beyond what can be established as historical fact and invents what lies beneath, those thoughts and emotions that can never be known for certain.
“A Brief History of Seven Killings” is based in part on the real-life story of the Shower Posse, who began their rise in early-❠s Kingston and spread to America, where, by the 1980s, they controlled much of the crack trade in New York and Miami — in the book, they form an alliance with Griselda Blanco of the Medellín cartel.
The partnership echoed another one, when Jamaica’s prime minister Edward Seaga and his Jamaica Labour Party used the gang as enforcers in the slums of Tivoli Gardens (called Copenhagen City in James’s novel), which became that party’s fief. Both the J.L.P. and their rival party, the P.N.P. (People’s National Party), had armed gangs in their service, for whoever controlled the slums controlled Kingston, and whoever won the Kingston vote won the nation’s elections.
This turf war led to spiraling poverty and savage violence. It was the kind of trauma described and transmuted into song by the great Bob Marley (referred to in the novel as the Singer), who in 1976, amid unprecedented bloodshed, announced a free concert to promote peace in Kingston. (Marley was himself caught between the J.L.P. and P.N.P., along with their criminal gangs.) At the same time, outside forces including the C.I.A., anti-Castro Cubans and the Colombian drug cartels were converging on Jamaica with money and guns.
If all this sounds confusing, it’s because it’s true. On Dec. 3, before he could give the peace concert, Marley was ambushed at his house by a band of gunmen, shot twice, and almost murdered. After that, organized crime in Jamaica went international.
There is always too much history to keep track of — the daily news is itself an impossible barrage — and so a certain kind of novel has evolved to shape narratives out of such chaos, not to find answers, but to capture the way history feels, how it maims, bewilders, enmeshes us. If, like James, you’re from Jamaica, then recent history might suggest a gangster chronicle, and the central plot and metaphor of his novel is an intricate set of connections between the attempted assassination of the Singer and the rise and fall of a J.L.P.-connected crime boss called Josey Wales. The man who comes to kill the Singer, icon of peace, is a gangster whose export business is not reggae but cocaine. It doesn’t matter whether this hypothesis is factually verifiable. It isn’t. What matters is whether the story is persuasive and suggestive.
It helps that James, as in his “John Crow’s Devil” (2005) and “The Book of Night Women” (2009), is a virtuoso at depicting violence, particularly at the beginning of this book, where we witness scene after scene of astonishing sadism, as young men and boys are impelled by savagery toward savagery of their own. This, again, is how history feels to those on the wrong side of it, and the novel’s great strength is the way it conveys the degradation of Kingston’s slums. Even through the sometimes preposterous voice of his journalist character, James renders it vividly: “Zinc in the Eight Lanes shines like nickel. Zinc in Jungle is riddled bullet holes and rusted the color of Jamaican rural dirt. . . . Ghetto is a smell. . . . Old Spice, English Leather and Brut cologne. The rawness of recently slaughtered goat, the pepper and pimento in goat’s head soup.” Such passages reveal what this novel fundamentally is: an epic of postcolonial fallout, in Jamaica and elsewhere, and America’s participation in that history. In the end, the book is not only persuasive but tragic, though in its polyphony and scope it’s more than that.
Indeed, the further I read, the more the book’s increasing sense of absurdity, its pop culture references, its compulsive ventriloquism and its range of tones — comic, surreal, nightmarish, parodic — began to remind me uncannily of David Foster Wallace’s all-or-nothing “Infinite Jest.” (I even began to wonder if the book’s title, obviously ironic given its length, was a homage to Wallace’s “Brief Interviews With Hideous Men.”) This eclecticism sometimes had the odd effect of distracting me from the courage of James’s book, which is after all an exploration of real-life acts of violence. One central character, for example, is a woman named Nina Burgess, who flees the gang wars of Kingston to start a new life in New York, as a caregiver to an elderly rich white man. When they engage in mild flirtation, Nina thinks: “I know this part, I’ve watched ‘Dynasty.’ I should ask him if he’d like a drink. . . . Which isn’t going to happen though he really does look like Lyle Waggoner and I heard Lyle posed for Playgirl.”
Perhaps out of a desire to make Nina more than just a victim or a stereotype, James gives her these sardonic thoughts, though they tend to obscure her loneliness and terror (she is literally running for her life). The virtue of irony is that it creates discomfort, and although I struggled at times with James’s irony, it allowed him to write beautifully without writing too beautifully, which would have been a different kind of problem.
“Some people have this thing ‘bout themselves, maybe is a ghetto thing where even if another man don’t destroy you, you going destroy yourself,” James writes later, more powerfully, in the voice of one of Kingston’s lost souls. “Every man in the ghetto born with it, but somehow the Singer cure it. You look ‘pon the two of we in a picture, both of we smarter than the ghetto, but only one really get out.”
The speaker is imprisoned at Rikers Island. The Singer is now dead, never to be replaced, but the succession of gangsters goes endlessly on. Spoof, nightmare, blood bath, poem, “A Brief History of Seven Killings” eventually takes on a mesmerizing power. It makes its own kind of music, not like Marley’s, but like the tumult he couldn’t stop.
Personal Life and Honors
Patterson married Sue Solie in 1997 the two had a son, Jack, the following year. Belief in the importance of helping children learn to love reading compelled Patterson to set up ReadKiddoRead.com. The website advises parents about selecting books for their children.
In 2015, Patterson was awarded the National Book Foundation&aposs Literarian Award for Outstanding Service to the American Literary Community. That year, he also donated $1.75 million to public school libraries and $1 million to independent bookstores throughout the U.S.
In 2019, President Donald Trump awarded Patterson the National Humanities Medal.
NotesAddeddate 2008-06-20 15:39:34 Call number 31833011448310 Camera Canon 5D Copyright-evidence Evidence reported by CallieLamkin for item recordofdescenda00alex on June 20, 2008: no visible notice of copyright stated date is 1878. Copyright-evidence-date 20080620153849 Copyright-evidence-operator CallieLamkin Copyright-region US External-identifier urn:oclc:record:181023831 Foldoutcount 0 Identifier recordofdescenda00alex Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t0vq32956 Openlibrary_edition OL13494020M Openlibrary_work OL10324251W Pages 246 Possible copyright status NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT Ppi 400 Scandate 20080620183303 Scanfactors 6 Scanner scribe2.indiana.archive.org Scanningcenter indiana
Not much is known about "Alex"'s early life and history. Also known by the callsign "Echo 3-1", Alex served in the Delta Force before surrendering his former rank and history of special ops military service to the Special Activities Division of the CIA in 2013. Ώ]
During the next six years in the SAD, Alex lived a series of assumed identities to achieve "sensitive" objectives wherever he is needed, often operating autonomously, training, advising and arming allies to act as interpreters, pathfinders and soldiers. Alex valued direct contact with local militias where he can track both allied and enemy intentions to help advise appropriate action.
His mission profiles included counter-insurgency, special reconnaissance, counterterrorism, information warfare and anti-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The tools of his trade were laptops, light machine guns, sat-phones, and rocket-equipped combat drones. Alex also led small teams, trained to infiltrate enemy lines and survive inhospitable conditions in hostile locations.
Through 2017, Alex's and his teams played key roles in ensuring definitive victories against emerging terrorist networks. As the SAD is permitted to execute missions against enemies of the state, without consulting the Pentagon or White House, Echo 3-1 has been involved in multiple actions to assassinate enemy leadership.
On October 24, 2019, Alex was assigned on a mission in Verdansk, Kastovia, to secure and retrieve a shipment of chlorine gas from a depot belonging to Russian General Roman Barkov before it could be delivered in Urzikstan. The mission was overseen by Colonel Norris of the United States Marine Corps and Alex's handler, Case Officer Kate Laswell. Supported by a team of Marine Raiders, Alex launched a strike of white phosphorous on the depot before entering the site. After the team encountered heavy resistance from both Barkov's Forces and Spetsnaz forces hired by Barkov, Alex confirmed the presence of chlorine gas and prepared to extraction.
The operation turned out to be a failure, however, as the team was ambushed by insurgent forces when they were leaving the facility. The insurgents killed the Marines, stole the gas and left Alex wounded.
Embedded in Urzikstan
A day after the failed mission, Al-Qatala, a terrorist organization, launched a terror attack in Piccadilly Circus in London, which was contained by Kyle Garrick of the Metropolitan Police Service and John Price of the SAS who was briefed by Laswell after the gas was stolen.
On October 26, Laswell sent Alex to the Urzikstan city of Aqtabi to find and secure the stolen Russian gas with help from the Urzikstan Liberation Force. Price advised Laswell and Alex to use his name if they wanted to meet the Militia leader, Farah Karim, as Price had helped her in the past. Alex met with Farah and her brother Hadir. He informed Farah about the stolen gas and she promised to help him only if he helped them fighting the occupation of Urzikstan by the forces of General Barkov.
Attack on the airbase
Before the ULF could launch their attack on the nearby Russian military airbase, Farah and Alex needed to create a diversion in Aqtabi to pull security away from the base. Using the tunnels beneath the city, they reached a safehouse where Tariq was waiting for Farah with disguises. Farah and Alex used them to infiltrate the area. Alex planted explosives supplied by Hadir on two helicopters. The detonation created chaos in the vicinity with more Russian soldiers rushing towards the site. As they were fleeing the scene, Farah and Alex were detected but managed to escape the Russian forces. Farah realized Tariq has been killed when the door of their safehouse was left open. They then entered back the tunnels to safety.
Several hours later the Urzik Militia regrouped outside of the Russian airbase in Al-Raab. Farah started the assault with mortar fire destroying the south wall of the base before her soldiers rushed inside. Alex managed to capture a weapon armory using improvised drones and Molotov cocktails. The ULF reached the main hangar and Alex captured a second armory as Russian reinforcement arrived. An unmarked AH-64 Apache sent by Laswell and piloted by Viper 1-1 arrived in time to save Farah's forces. With the destruction of the Forward Operation Base of Barkov, the Russian air capability in Urzikstan was temporarily limited allowing Western forces to move through the country.
Capture of the Wolf
Following a raid on a London townhouse by John Price and Kyle Garrick, the location of Al-Qatala's leader, Omar Sulaman, also known as the Wolf, was found in a hospital in Rammaza. In the morning of October 28, Alex and several Marines of the Demon Dogs unit, led by Sergeant Marcus Griggs, launched an assault against the hospital occupied by Al-Qatala and captured the Wolf before he could kill Marines that was taken prisoner during the fight. Sulaman was then brought to the US Embassy in Sakhra for interrogation.
Defending the US Embassy
Later that day, Al-Qatala's second in command, Jamal Rahar, also known as the Butcher, rallied insurgents in front of the Embassy calling for the release of the Wolf. As Price and Kyle Garrick arrived via helicopter to extract Sulaman, the insurgents breached through the gates of the embassy while also shooting at the helicopter, leading to its crash on the embassy roof. Price and Kyle rushed through the building as Al-Qatala was slaughtering staff and their families, including a child shot by the Butcher, as well as the Marines stationed in front of the embassy. They met Alex, Farah, Hadir and the Wolf at a saferoom in the basement. They, however, needed a keycard that was used by US Ambassador Harris, who was killed during the attack. Kyle guided Stacy Davidson, Harris' assistant, to safety so that she could give them the card.
The group then moved to the Ambassador's residence to wait for extraction. While outnumbered, Alex and the team managed to repel the attackers, forcing them to retreat. The Wolf, however, managed to escape after Al-Qatala breached a wall of the residence.
Hunting the Wolf
The next day, as the Wolf and the Butcher went into hiding, the team separated in two groups. Price and Kyle started to clear house to house in Sakhra with the help of the ULF. Alex, Farah and Hadir prepared an ambush near Darus, an abandoned village at a crossroad of Tariq Almwat, a highway that was bombarded by Russian forces during the initial invasion of Urzikstan 20 years prior. The highway was the only road to escape to the mountains.
After the ULF set traps along the highway, Alex engaged the scouting forces of Al-Qatala sent by Sulaman. Fighting occured between the Militia forces and the rest of Al-Qatala. Eliminating suicide trucks, mortar crews and snipers, Alex and the ULF managed to cripple the enemy movements until the Russians intervened, bombing Al-Qatala and sending an armored force to intercept the Wolf and eliminate all resistance, which included Farah's forces.
Outnumbered and desperate, Hadir asked Alex to help him getting more weapons in his truck. The weapons were revealed to be the stolen chlorine gas. Hadir used the gas against the Russians, killing everyone in the area. As Alex and Farah were incapacitated, Hadir apologized to them as he was desperate to defeat the Russians so he decided to steal the gas in Verdansk. Some time later, with the gas dissipating, Alex and Farah were rescued by Price and Kyle. Farah told them she didn't know Hadir was responsible for the stolen gas.
The Wolf's Den
Back at the base of operation, Laswell informed them that Hadir made contact with the Wolf and Rahar who were now in possession of the chlorine gas. Farah no longer considered Hadir as her brother but just another terrorist of Al-Qatala and was willing to participate in the operation to capture him. During the briefing, they learned that Hadir, Rahar and Sulaman went to what was believed to be the Wolf's stronghold in Takkari located in the Aqrus Mountains.
Later that night, Price and Kyle led the assault on the Wolf's compound and learnt he was hiding in the tunnels beneath the compound. Alex and Farah entered the tunnels but a booby trap triggered as they descended which collapsed the tunnel entrance, cutting the duo from the outside world. Alex and Farah slowly progressed through the tunnels but, eventually, some Al-Qatala soldiers discovered them and cut the power, leaving them in the dark. They continued to walk through the tunnels fighting Al-Qatala and avoiding tripwire traps. As the two slowly made their way to the other end, Hadir spoke to Alex, asking why Farah was brought along with them, to which Farah explained she came willingly. Hadir pleaded for them to leave, and to trust Al-Qatala, but Farah instead berated Hadir for his decisions.
At some point, Alex got separated from Farah when the floor beneath him broke apart. Al-Qatala soldier ignited an erupting fire forcing Alex to hastily climb upward as the Sulaman was giving a small speech about his views of Western treatment and conflict. As the fire quickly ascended, Alex was saved by Farah who led him to the room where the Wolf fled. They killed Sulaman before he could activate his bomb vest. But the vest was still armed and with only 20 seconds from exploding. Following Farah's instructions, Alex disarmed the bomb.
With Omar Sulaman dead, Al-Qatala has no field leader, but with the gas unaccounted for, the United States were forced to assign the Urzikstan Liberation Force as a terror organization, a decision that the team disagreed with, even forcing Price to threaten Colonel Norris over the decision. Disappointed and outraged with the decision, Alex decided to defy Laswell's orders and attached himself with the ULF, to Farah's surprise.
Hunt for Barkov
Few days later, Price and Kyle arrived in Urzikstan to meet with Farah and Alex. The day before, Price acquired intel and details on the location of Barkov's chemical facility during the capture of Hadir in Barkov's residence in Moldova. Knowing that a direct attack of the chemical plant would be seen as an act of war, Price convinced Farah to launch an attack against the gas factory.
The next day, on November 3, the ULF, accompanied by Price, Kyle, Farah and Alex with air support provided by Laswell, stormed Barkov's factory. With explosives and detonaters supplied by Nikolai, Price and Kyle planted the charges on the pipelines while Farah and Alex made their way to the main furnace. During the fight, Alex's detonater was destroyed. Knowing Barkov was on the site, Alex chose to fight for something he believed in and was willing to sacrifice himself by rigging the furnace from the inside, allowing Farah to pursue Barkov. After Farah killed Barkov, Alex detonated the charge, destroying the entire facility.
Joining the Coalition
Alex managed to survive the explosion but did not walk away unscathed, losing his left leg and having it replaced with a prosthetic. Charged with desertion after defying his orders, Alex remained in hiding for five months until Price recalled him to duty in early 2020. Now part of the Warcom unit of the Coalition, Alex was sent by Price to a Classified location in Urzikstan in order to assist Lieutenant Simon "Ghost" Riley as the situation in Verdansk turned into chaos after the release of massive gas clouds in the city and the dissolution of Armistice, causing the operators to fight among themselves.
Greatest 50 Players - 46. Alex James
One of the finest players to grace a football pitch and arguably the Dennis Bergkamp of his day, Alex James was a star of his time and a pivotal figure in Arsenal's domination of the 1930s.
Famed for his baggy shorts, James opened the scoring in the 1930 FA Cup final to set Arsenal on their way to a first major trophy. He left after another FA Cup win in 1936 and also racked up four titles during his time at Highbury.
The Bergkamp comparisons are understandable. James played as an inside forward, providing the ammunition for the likes of Cliff Bastin, Ted Drake and David Jack to fill their boots. The Scot's impeccable passing made him the perfect supply line for Herbert Chapman's prolific Arsenal sides.
James left Preston to join Chapman's revolution in 1929, making his debut against Leeds United on August 31 of that year. His first season was unspectacular - James spent much of it recovering from injury - but he was fit in time to play a leading role in the 1930 FA Cup final.
James was not known for his goalscoring, plundering only 27 in 261 appearances for the club, but he was on target at Wembley. The Scot's strike set up a 2-0 victory over Huddersfield Town as Arsenal clinched their first major silverware.
Even better was to follow as James inspired Arsenal to their maiden league title in 1931. His influence was underlined by events the following year: an injury sidelined James for a large chunk of the season and Arsenal had to settle for the runners-up spot in the League and the FA Cup.
James was back to help Arsenal win a hat-trick of titles between 1933 and 1935. The Scottish assist machine helped the Gunners plunder a club record of 118 league goals in 1933 and, two years later, James was largely responsible for Ted Drake's impressive haul of 42.
James captained Arsenal to another FA Cup triumph in 1936 with a 1-0 win over Sheffield United at Wembley. Then, as age and injuries took their toll, he called time on his playing career in the summer of 1937.
James was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2005 in recognition of his contribution to the English game. Arsenal were lucky enough to be the main beneficiaries of the Scot's wizardry.
Alex James - History
Our conservative nature once again serves our clients when we experience one of the worst recessions in our country's history. The firm survives without financial assistance from Congress, relying instead on our own revenue, our dedicated advisors and our clients' continued trust.
The firm partners with Killik & Co. to launch a new brokerage firm in the United Kingdom &ndash Raymond James Killik Limited (later Raymond James Investment Services Limited) &ndash to provide financial planning and investment services through independent contractor financial advisors.
Raymond James Financial Services celebrates its 25 th anniversary.
Raymond James acquires Canadian firm Goepel McDermid to form Raymond James Ltd.
Raymond James Stadium plays host to Super Bowl XXXV and the Baltimore Ravens’ defeat of the New York Giants.
The Financial Institutions Division completes the acquisition of Legg Mason&rsquos small division that provides securities services to banks.
Raymond James is honored with the national Business in the Arts award.
Construction is completed on the fourth tower of the Raymond James Financial campus.
Governor Jeb Bush and the Florida Cabinet recognize Tom James as the 2004 Florida Free Enterpriser of the Year.
The firm purchases a 38,000-square-foot space in Southfield, Michigan, to serve as an operations center and business continuity hub.
Tom James is appointed chairman-elect of the Financial Services Roundtable.
In a survey of local business leaders featured in the St. Petersburg Times, the firm receives recognition for quality of associates and excellent client service.
Raymond James hosts its first annual Analyst & Investor Day.
Tom James is named Ernst & Young’s National Entrepreneur of the Year in the financial services category.
Raymond James survives the recession without financial assistance from Congress, relying instead on our own revenue, our dedicated advisors and our clients&rsquo continued trust.
Raymond James Stadium hosts its second Super Bowl – Super Bowl XLIII, where the Pittsburgh Steelers triumph over the Arizona Cardinals.
We bolster our mergers and acquisitions business with the acquisition of Lane Berry & Co., a middle market investment banking and advisory firm.
“This really is a client-first, long-term-focused organization. It’s something that’s been woven into our core values from the beginning, and something we take great pride in.”
The same year, the firm positioned itself for the future, joining forces with Morgan Keegan to become one of the nation&rsquos largest wealth management and investment banking firms not located on Wall Street.
After 40 years as CEO, Tom James is succeeded by Paul Reilly. Tom remains Chairman of the Board.
Financial Planning pays tribute to Tom, his ongoing work and his lasting legacy.
The firm launches a new national branding campaign in print, broadcast and online, anchored by a tagline that gets to the heart of what we do: Life Well Planned.
Raymond James celebrates 50 years of caring for people and their financial well-being.
Raymond James and Morgan Keegan unite to become one of the largest wealth management and investment banking firms in the country not headquartered on Wall Street.
In an effort to expand our banking efforts north of the border, the firm moves to acquire the Canadian assets of Allied Irish Banks.
Raymond James achieves its 100th consecutive quarter – and 25th year – of profitability. 1
1 Awards Criteria.
Executive Chairman Tom James is named one of five recipients of the annual Harvard Business School Alumni Achievement Award, the school’s highest honor.
Our former Global Private Client Group CEO Chet Helck marks the end of his tenure as chairman of the Securities Industry Financial Markets Association, where, among many accomplishments, he played an instrumental role in creating the “Helping Americans Succeed, Helping Main Street Prosper” campaign.
Global Private Client Group CEO Chet Helck retires and per the firm’s management succession plans, Scott Curtis and Tash Elwyn join the firm’s Executive Committee.
Raymond James Bank marks its 20th anniversary with assets exceeding $12 billion.
Raymond James is honored with the Golden Hammer Award and named Habitat Partner of the Year by Habitat for Humanity of Pinellas County.
To strengthen our business continuity and digital security efforts, the firm constructs a state-of-the-art facility and relocates our data center to Denver.
Raymond James completes the acquisition of The Producers Choice, LLC, a private insurance and annuity marketing company, and its 60 associates become part of Raymond James Insurance Group.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 17168.61, and Raymond James reports record annual revenue of $5.2 billion and record net income of $502.1 million.
The Tampa Bay Buccaneers will continue to call Raymond James Stadium home as the firm signs a new agreement to extend its naming rights through the 2027 season.
Raymond James expands its investment banking capabilities in Europe with the purchase of Munich-based M&A advisory Mummert & Company Corporate Finance GmbH.
MacDougall, MacDougall & MacTier Inc. (3Macs), which was founded in 1849 before Canada’s Confederation and remains one of the country’s leading independent investment firms, is acquired by our Canadian subsidiary, Raymond James Ltd.
The firm completes the acquisition of the U.S. private client unit of Deutsche Asset and Wealth Management and revives the storied Alex. Brown brand.
CEO Paul Reilly adds the responsibilities of Chairman to his role when Tom James becomes Chairman Emeritus, retaining a seat on the board.
Raymond James is selected to be a part of the S&P 500® index. 2
Scout Investments and its Reams Asset Management division are acquired by our asset management subsidiary, Carillon Tower Advisers.
St. Petersburg Mayor Rick Kriseman joins Chairman & CEO Paul Reilly and Chairman Emeritus Tom James at our corporate headquarters to officially open Tower 5.
Chairman and CEO Paul Reilly is inducted into the Tampa Bay Business Hall of Fame.
Chairman Emeritus Tom James is honored as an Industry Champion at the SIFMA Foundation Tribute Dinner.
After more than 32 years as our Chief Financial Officer, Jeff Julien announces his retirement effective January 1, 2020. In accordance with the firm’s succession plans, the firm’s treasurer and senior vice president of finance and investor relations, Paul Shoukry, will become CFO.
“We have something special here at Raymond James, where we have the scale and scope of services to compete with the largest firms in the industry while at the same time providing an advisor- and client-focused culture that is increasingly difficult to find.”
The new decade began with a year of incredible challenges, including the COVID-19 pandemic, economic uncertainty and social unrest across the nation. The response of the firm&rsquos associates and advisors during this time of crisis reinforced Raymond James&rsquo unique culture.
Raymond James donates $1.5 million to aid those impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Following the tragic killings of George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor and countless others, Raymond James leadership pledges continued commitment to the Black community. The firm contributes $1.5 million to organizations supporting racial equality, financial literacy and volunteerism opportunities. Juneteenth is declared a firmwide day of service and education. Pledge to the Black community Organizations supported
Raymond James acquires retirement administration firm NWPS and boutique investment bank Financo.
The Dow Jones closes the year at 30,606.48, and Raymond James surpasses $1 trillion in client assets under administration.
Raymond James Stadium hosts its third Super Bowl &ndash Super Bowl LV, where the Tampa Bay Buccaneers triumphed over the Kansas City Chiefs.