Ask Steve: Walter Cronkite

Ask Steve: Walter Cronkite

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In this video clip from Ask Steve, the question of whether or not Walter Cronkite was the reason we lost the Vietnam War was addressed. When he went to Saigon right after the offensive he wrote a report that stemmed this question. This was a result of The Vietnam War being the first televised war, which gave Americans the ability to watch it from their living rooms, which left a lot of areas for information to be misinterpreted.

American Masters: Walter Cronkite: Witness to History

Above: In a nationwide viewer opinion survey conducted as recently as 1995, more than a decade after he left the CBS anchor desk, Walter Cronkite again was voted "Most Trusted Man in Television News."

Everyone knew Walter Cronkite from the CBS Evening News, where he earned distinction as "The Most Trusted Man in America" during his 19 years at the anchor desk.

Throughout his award-winning career --which began as a field reporter in World War II -- Cronkite covered such historic events as the first trip to the moon the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy the Watergate scandal the Vietnam War the Iran hostage crisis and John Glenn's return to space.

Through it all, he steadfastly adhered to a credo of fast, accurate and unbiased news reporting. After stepping down as anchorman in 1981, his story continued -- Walter Cronkite lead the life of a genuine Renaissance man -- author, sailor, producer and patron, his public concern for, and commitment to, our world never faltered. Cronkite died on Friday, July 17, 2009.

View his career timeline read the interview with the award-winning director Catherine Tatge, who shares some insight into the making of the film.

Preview: Walter Cronkite: Witness To History

Don Hewitt, Molly Ivins and David Frost are just a few of the veteran journalists who share their views of the man they call the most trusted man in America: Walter Cronkite. Catherine Tatge directs this 90-minute documentary on Cronkite's prolific life and work, with titles designed by Jessica Helfand and Cavan Huang. Produced for American Masters.


San Diego news when you want it, where you want it. Get local stories on politics, education, health, environment, the border and more. New episodes are ready weekday mornings. Hosted by Anica Colbert and produced by KPBS, San Diego and the Imperial County's NPR and PBS station.

Charles Kuralt

Charles Bishop Kuralt (September 10, 1934 – July 4, 1997) was an American journalist. He is most widely known for his long career with CBS, first for his "On the Road" segments on The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite, and later as the first anchor of CBS News Sunday Morning, a position he held for fifteen years. [1]

Kuralt's "On the Road" segments were recognized twice with personal Peabody Awards. The first, awarded in 1968, cited those segments as heartwarming and "nostalgic vignettes" in 1975, the award was for his work as a U.S. "bicentennial historian" his work "capture[d] the individuality of the people, the dynamic growth inherent in the area, and . the rich heritage of this great nation." [2] He shared in a third Peabody awarded to CBS News Sunday Morning.

Cronkite Noticias

Get experience producing a variety of in-depth, Spanish-language digital and video stories.

Bilingual students work with professionals to create digital content for the Cronkite Noticias website, which serves Spanish-speaking audiences in Arizona. Students also may contribute to a Spanish-language newscast focusing on important Latino community and statewide issues that airs on UniMás.

“This professional program allowed me to challenge my bilingual skills, especially after we decided to create a few Facebook lives in both English and Spanish. I am beyond grateful for this experience and I would do it again. I definitely feel much more prepared to go out into the world of journalism on my own.”

Karina Espinoza, (’20)

Carnegie-Knight News21

About the Cronkite School

The Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication is widely recognized as one of the nation’s premier professional journalism programs. Rooted in the time-honored values that characterize its namesake — accuracy, responsibility, objectivity, integrity — the school fosters journalistic excellence and ethics among students as they master the professional skills they need to succeed in the digital media world of today and tomorrow.

Located on Arizona State University’s Downtown Phoenix campus in a state-of-the-art media complex, the Cronkite School leads the way in journalism education with its innovative use of the teaching hospital model, for which it has received international acclaim.

Arizona PBS, one of the nation’s largest public television stations, is part of Cronkite, making it the largest media outlet operated by a journalism school in the world. Arizona PBS serves as a hub for the Cronkite School’s full-immersion professional programs and a testing ground for new approaches in journalism.

Students get hands-on experiences in 15 intensive, full-immersion professional programs that produce news, information and community engagement on critical issues for the state, region and nation. They report on the most important issues of the day from public affairs news bureaus in Phoenix and Washington, D.C., and cover both news and sports from a Los Angeles bureau. Other immersion programs focus on digital audiences, public relations, bilingual news, health journalism, television production, digital innovation and entrepreneurship. Students in the Carnegie-Knight News21 program produce major projects on issues critical to Americans, and students in the Howard Center for Investigative Journalism pursue investigations that reveal wrongdoing and serve the public good.

Student work is published at Cronkite News and is published and broadcast by news organizations around the state, region and country. The student-produced Cronkite News newscast airs weeknights on Arizona PBS, reaching 1.9 million households.

Students are guided by a faculty that is made up of both award-winning professional journalists and world-class media scholars. The faculty includes such leading figures as former Washington Post Executive Editor Leonard Downie Jr. former president of CBS News Andrew Heyward former Atlanta Journal-Constitution editor-in-chief Julia Wallace former New York Times bureau chief Fernanda Santos former Arizona Republic publisher Mi-Ai Parrish Pulitzer Prize-winning journalists Sarah Cohen, Steve Doig, Jacqueline Petchel and Walter V. Robinson public relations executive Mark Haas and national sports columnist Paola Boivin.

Walter Cronkite, 1916-2009: A Trusted TV Newsman

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: And I'm Shirley Griffith with PEOPLE IN AMERICA in VOA Special English.

WALTER CRONKITE: "And that's the way it is . And that's the way it is . "

STEVE EMBER: For almost twenty years, that was how Walter Cronkite would end his newscasts. Americans all knew him. So did many world leaders. Today's news anchors could only hope for such recognition. He was often called the most trusted man in America.

He anchored the "CBS Evening News" until nineteen eighty-one. The sixties and seventies produced more than enough stories to fill a daily newscast. Those were years of social change and civil rights protests.

Years that saw John Kennedy, his brother Robert and Martin Luther King all murdered, the war in Southeast Asia expand, a president resign. Years of worry that the same rockets that could take people to the moon could also bring nuclear war to Earth.

And years when most of us still thought of a "mouse" as a small creature. Yet smart minds were thinking up the technology behind today's computers and the Internet.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Walter Cronkite brought it all home each evening, Monday through Friday. As President Barack Obama said in a statement: "He was there through wars and riots, marches and milestones, calmly telling us what we needed to know."

And when the anchorman was not in front of the camera, there was a good chance he was on his boat. He went sailing up until almost his final days. He died on July seventeenth, two thousand nine, at the age of ninety-two.

STEVE EMBER: Walter Cronkite was born on November fourth, nineteen sixteen, in Saint Joseph, Missouri. His father was a dentist, his mother a housewife.

With young Walter, the family moved from the Midwest to Texas. He worked on his high school newspaper and later left the University of Texas at Austin to become a journalist. He was a newspaper and radio reporter and sports announcer.

In nineteen forty he married Mary Elizabeth Maxwell, known as Betsy. They had three children and were together for nearly sixty-five years, until Betsy died in two thousand five.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: As a young reporter, Walter Cronkite covered World War Two. He worked for United Press, the wire service which later became United Press International.

He landed in Holland with American soldiers in a glider. And he was in a military plane overhead as Allied forces stormed the beach at Normandy, France. It was June sixth, nineteen forty-four, the start of the Allied invasion of Europe, the final push to defeat Nazi Germany.

Later, Walter Cronkite reported on the trials of Nazi war criminals at Nuremburg, Germany.

STEVE EMBER: One day during the war, the famous journalist Edward R. Murrow offered him a job. It was a chance to report for a major television network, CBS, the Columbia Broadcasting System.

Yet TV was still young then. Walter Cronkite decided to stay where he was. United Press raised his pay and later made him its chief in Moscow. But in nineteen fifty he accepted another offer and went to work for CBS.

One of his early programs was a history show where he questioned actors playing people like Aristotle and Joan of Arc. But he was a serious newsman, and in nineteen fifty-two he led CBS' coverage of the national political conventions. They were the first to be televised coast to coast.

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Ten years later, on April sixteenth, nineteen sixty-two, he became anchor of the "CBS Evening News."

The program was only fifteen minutes long then. It took him two years to get his wish to extend it to thirty minutes. He also became managing editor, which expanded his influence over the program.

WALTER CRONKITE: "I participate very directly in the entire process -- in the decision of what stories we cover, in the decision on how we're covering them, what length of time we're going to give to them. It's a continuing process. I write part of the broadcast. Every bit of copy that goes on the broadcast passes through my hands. I edit every word that I say, I say no words that have not gone through my hand, many of them my own."

Walter Cronkite met some of the most important people of his time. This was the time of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. In one interview, though, he asked President John F. Kennedy about another conflict that was growing then.

WALTER CRONKITE: "Mister President, the only hot war we've got running at the moment is of course the one in Vietnam."

JOHN KENNEDY: "I don't think that, uh, unless a greater effort is made by the government to win popular support, that the war can be won out there."

STEVE EMBER: Americans would come to find truth in Kennedy's words. But, just two months after that interview, shots were fired at his open-top car. As we will hear later, Walter Cronkite had the sad duty of reporting that the young president was dead.

Happier moments came as he reported on the American space program. In July of nineteen sixty-nine he was almost speechless when Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon.

WALTER CRONKITE: "Oh, boy! Whew! Boy!"

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Walter Cronkite rarely expressed his own opinions. That was not a reporter's job. But in the late sixties he went to report on the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam.

President Lyndon Johnson and his advisers kept telling Americans that the United States was making progress. Walter Cronkite went to see for himself. Then, in a commentary in February of nineteen sixty-eight, he said the war seemed unwinnable.

WALTER CRONKITE: "It is increasingly clear to this reporter that the only rational way out then will be to negotiate."

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Some people denounced him and questioned his loyalty. Others praised him for "speaking truth to power," as some might say.

Several weeks later, Lyndon Johnson surprised Americans and announced that he would not seek re-election. The unpopular war had cost him support.

STEVE EMBER: It was Richard Nixon who brought home most of the troops before South Vietnam fell to the north in nineteen seventy-five. But it was also Nixon who became the first and only American president to resign. Americans learned from the press that there was political corruption in his administration.

Night after night, millions turned to Walter Cronkite for the latest developments. There were other anchors and other networks. But people thought of him like family -- "Uncle Walter."

He anchored the "CBS Evening News" for nineteen years. He was sixty-four when he stepped down on March sixth, nineteen eighty-one. But he explained that he was not leaving the network.

WALTER CRONKITE: "Old anchormen, you see, don't fade away they just keep coming back for more. And that's the way it is. Friday, March sixth, nineteen eighty-one."

SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Now, Steve Ember looks back with a personal story about Walter Cronkite.

STEVE EMBER: I remember the afternoon of November twenty-second, nineteen sixty-three. I was a first-year student at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and was relaxing between classes at the student union building. A TV was on. My eyes were elsewhere, but my ear was caught by the unmistakable voice of Walter Cronkite.

WALTER CRONKITE: "A bulletin from CBS News. In Dallas Texas, three shots were fired at President Kennedy's motorcade in downtown Dallas. The first reports say that President Kennedy has been seriously wounded by this shooting."

The first bulletins coming in from Dallas were read by Cronkite over the CBS News "bulletin" slide.

WALTER CRONKITE: "More details just arrived. President Kennedy shot today, just as his motorcade left downtown Dallas. Missus Kennedy jumped up and grabbed Mister Kennedy. She called 'Oh, no!'"

Before long, though, there were pictures, with Cronkite at his desk in the CBS newsroom in New York.

For so many of us, the presidency of J.F.K. represented a time of promise. "This could not be happening" was the sentiment expressed as a growing crowd gathered around that black-and-white TV set. And Walter Cronkite, in measured tones, informed us that yes it was.

What I'll always remember was seeing him, about an hour later, momentarily take off his thick dark rimmed glasses, and announce:

WALTER CRONKITE: "From Dallas, Texas, the flash, apparently official, President Kennedy died at one p.m. Central Standard Time, two o'clock Eastern Standard Time, some thirty-eight minutes ago."

You could see the flash of emotion as Cronkite removed and replaced his glasses and regained his composure.

WALTER CRONKITE: "Vice President Lyndon Johnson has left the hospital in Dallas, but we do not know to where he has proceeded. Presumably, he will be taking the oath of office shortly, and become the thirty-sixth president of the United States."

But going beyond this trusted anchor's solid presence in delivering such news, you have to know something about television news in that era. There wasn't the clutter of crawls, flashing graphics or other moving "stuff" that we see today.

There was Walter Cronkite in shirtsleeves, with a microphone in front of him. That was it -- nothing to distract the senses from the message. It was up close, and very personal.

It was not long after the Kennedy assassination that I actually got to meet Mister Cronkite. He was anchoring live coverage of the nineteen sixty-four Maryland Democratic primary election, originating in Baltimore.

I was hired in a minor role on the CBS production team for that night's broadcast. I can't say I remember all that much about the experience, other than it being very fast-paced.

But what I do remember was, at the end of that long, continuous coverage -- it must have been about two a.m. -- Cronkite sat down briefly with us production functionaries to chat.

I could not begin to tell you what we spoke about. It was enough to be in the presence of this great anchor I so admired, and to realize he was not above having a beer at the end of a very long broadcast with low-level support people.

That was the sort of thing that made a young man with broadcasting stars in his eyes . glow in the dark. I'm Steve Ember.

Steve Doig, Professor

Professor Steve Doig (@sdoig) was the Cronkite School's founding Knight Chair in Journalism, specializing in data journalism — the use of computers and social science techniques to help reporters do their jobs better. The chair was created with a $1.5 million endowment given to the Cronkite School by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. He stepped down from the Knight Chair in 2017, but remains on the Cronkite faculty to concentrate on developing and teaching online data courses.

Doig joined the Arizona State University faculty in 1996 after a 23-year career as a newspaper journalist, including 19 years at the Miami Herald. There, he served variously as research editor, pollster, science editor, columnist, federal courts reporter, state capital bureau chief, education reporter and aviation writer.

Investigative projects on which he worked at the Miami Herald or here at the Cronkite School have won several major journalism prizes, including:

  • The Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1993) for What Went Wrong, a study of the damage patterns from Hurricane Andrew that showed how weakened building codes and poor construction practices contributed to the extent of the disaster.
  • The Goldsmith Prize for Investigative Reporting (1994) for Lost in America, an examination of how the nation&rsquos immigration policies have failed.
  • The Investigative Reporters & Editors Award (1995) for Crime and No Punishment, a probe into why South Florida had the highest crime rate and the lowest incarceration rate of any major metropolitan area in the country.
  • The George Polk Award (2012) for Decoding Prime, an analysis of suspect hospital billing practices for the California Watch investigative organization.

Doig is a political science graduate of Dartmouth College. He also graduated from, and later taught at, the Defense Information School, and spent a year as a combat correspondent for the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War, during which he was awarded a Bronze Star for his service.

He has taught graduate courses in the Cronkite School’s professional master’s program, including the print reporting portion of the Journalism Skills (MCO 502) boot camp as well as Media Research Methods (MCO 510). He also created a sports data analytics course for Cronkite's master of sports journalism program. During the summers, he works with the Carnegie-Knight News21 initiative helping students do data-heavy investigative projects.

In 2016, he was awarded a Fulbright Distinguished Chair professorship to spend four months teaching data journalism at Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. In 2010, he spent four months in Portugal as a Fulbright Distinguished Chair, teaching graduate students at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa and lecturing around the country.

Doig actively consults with print and broadcast news media outlets around the world on computer-assisted reporting problems. Along with the California hospital billing project, other examples include a study of racial profiling in Massachusetts traffic tickets for the Boston Globe, a study for the Cleveland Plain Dealer of racial differences in access to health care, and an analysis of the 185,000 uncounted ballots in the Florida presidential election of 2000 for the Miami Herald.

He is an active member of Investigative Reporters & Editors and served on the 4,000-member organization’s board of directors for four years. He worked with IRE to organize and judge a new journalism contest, called the Phil Meyer Award for Precision Journalism, to recognize the best journalism done each year using social science techniques. He also regularly serves as a juror of the international Data Journalism Awards.

In addition, he has been a speaker at many national meetings of journalism and other organizations. He also has traveled to China, Canada, England, Spain, Portugal, Australia, the Netherlands, Mexico, Norway, Ukraine, Belgium, France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Brazil, Argentina and Indonesia to do training in data journalism techniques.

Doig's research interests include newsroom diversity, demographics, public opinion polling, crowd estimation and finding techniques used by other professions that can be developed into tools for journalists. He is happy to work with students who are interested in doing independent projects that result in significant pieces of journalism.


This article shared 4352 times since Wed Oct 28, 2009

In an interview that has never been published, Philadelphia Gay News Publisher Mark Segal talked with the late newsman Walter Cronkite about a variety of LGBT-related issues.

The talk took place March 6, 1996.

Mark Segal: What are your thoughts on gay marriage?

Walter Cronkite: I don't see why states should have any interest in gay marriage. That's not an issue that the state government or any government should be involved in. This is a personal question and should be solved on a personal basis, and I just don't believe the government has any role in it.

If there is an attempt to legislate against it, like the attempt to legislate against abortion, this is an interference of personal and civil rights that should be protested and contested. Short of that, the attitude ought to be, "Well, that's the way they feel. This doesn't have to be the way I feel, but, let's live and live together and accept these things."

So I think that I'm getting on very dangerous ground here, but I think there is a danger in trying to force an acceptance of your lifestyle. This ought to come through the more gradual educational process. But I don't want to sound like [ Republican presidential candidate Steve ] Forbes and abortion

It really isn't your business to sell this to the public. Educate the public. But don't try to sell it. And, and I think that there, sometimes the line is crossed there—that you're trying to propagandize the people to, to accept what, what you believe to be right. There is a fine line there between defense and aggression, and that line has to be very clearly defined and closely observed.

MS: Acceptance has been a long time coming, and we still have areas like the military where public support has risen but those in the leadership have not bought into the notion.

WALTER CRONKITE: In the military, I believe fully that, there again, it's a question of, of one's civil rights and one certainly should have the right to live as one chooses. The suggestion that homosexuality is somehow going to be forced upon the other members of the barracks seems to me to be a non-issue. It's just a ridiculous red herring.

I know that some of my friends in the military think it's a ridiculous issue to make, to make an issue of what could be, could be handled quite as easily, as well—open rights.

MS: The right wing has used us as an election ploy for years, but there have been and still are legitimate conservative extremists who wish violence upon the gay community. How should we deal with people like that?

WALTER CRONKITE: I think we all should be fearful of any issue regarding extremists—whether they're left or right. And certainly, I'd be very concerned, particularly if I were one of the minority group about this attempt to enforce a moral code through some misinterpretation of some religious beliefs. I'd be very worried about that. Yeah, I'd be concerned. I'm concerned about that kind of attitude from both left and right in the country—militants who are fanatic in their beliefs are dangerous wherever they lie.

I don't like the word "attack." I wouldn't "attack" anybody. That's certainly not necessarily, and probably counterproductive. But defense mechanism against the know-nothings in our world, certainly are required. There you have a duty to answer those arguments that are, to your mind, completely out of line. I think that that's fundamental—a fundamental right and a fundamental duty, a fundamental responsibility to what you believe in.

MS: What about demonstrations?

WALTER CRONKITE: There's no question that militant demonstrations offend a proportion of the population no matter what the subject matter is. There are people that would rather not be awakened to issues, rather not be bothered by issues, they do not like seeing the city streets used as theater for issues, and they are the people who do not understand the Constitution and the right to demonstrate. Those are the very ones, who, if you ask them if people have a right to demonstrate, if they said to you, "Do you believe in the Constitution? It says people have the right to express their opinion," they'd all say, "Oh, yes, absolutely." "Well, do they have the right to demonstrate in front of the White House?" "Oh, no! They shouldn't be doing that!"

People have a kind of, I guess, a cleavage between theory and what they really want to see happening on the streets. So, there's always going to be that resentment towards demonstrators, no matter if its gay-rights demonstrators or political, other issues. I don't think that you could make a judgment on the success of such a thing. You have to make a judgment on the basis of the entire approach, the public perceptions from the situation, as opposed to before such activity began, and I don't think there's any question that there's a very positive, educational effect.

Whatever can be done to educate the public to the nature of homosexuality, to the, to the rights, civil rights to those who have a different lifestyle than the majority, this sort of thing, this is what is required.

MS: What do you think of the gay movement now compared to its beginnings?

WALTER CRONKITE: It seems to me that the gay movement has been highly successful. I think there's much more awareness, obviously, of the issue in the country. It seems to me that the approval rating among the polls is good, and if that's the result, then the movement has been successful.

About this interview: Mark Segal met Cronkite when he disrupted the live broadcast of the CBS Evening News in December 1973 by holding a sign in front of Cronkite which read "Gays Protest CBS Prejudice." They later became friends and this interview was recorded during one of their lunches. Walter Cronkite's candor surprised Segal who thought they were ahead of their time. Upon Cronkite's death it was pulled out of the drawer where it has resided for 13 years unpublished.

This article shared 4352 times since Wed Oct 28, 2009

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More Comments:

Bill Heuisler - 7/26/2009

Anyone who served in Vietnam knows how Cronkite stabbed us all in the back. In mid-February, right after the Tet Offensive, both the Gallup and Harris polls showed great American support for the war. Both pollsters said 61% of Americans favored a stronger reaction against North Vietnam. 70% of Americans favored increased bombing of North Vietnam - up from 63% in December. Then came Cronkite’s February 27 commentary.
“To say that we are closer to victory today is to believe, in the face of the evidence, the optimists who have been wrong in the past. To suggest we are on the edge of defeat is to yield to unreasonable pessimism. To say that we are mired in stalemate seems the only realistic, yet unsatisfactory conclusion.” Listen to the youtube link below.
A few days after Cronkite’s “News” broadcast 49% of Americans said it was a mistake to have entered Vietnam at all. Only 35% said the war would end within two years and 69% approved a withdrawal of our troops from Vietnam. Most thought we’d lost the war.
In 1988, Cronkite addressed a People for the American Way conference and denounced President Reagan for the “unilateral” military actions in Grenada, and also in Libya, when Reagan ordered a military strike in retaliation for proven acts of terrorism against American soldiers stationed in Germany. Cronkite said he despised Reagan’s peace-through-strength policies. He said the smartest president he ever met was Jimmy Carter. Later, Cronkite denounced Operation Iraqi Freedom and attacked the Bush administration for its “arrogance.”
His role in the Vietnam defeat is being reported as if it were a highlight of his career. But his biased reporting helped bring about a premature U.S. military withdrawal, and made a mockery of the loss of the lives of 58,000 Americans - not to mention the millions of additional deaths caused in Vietnam and Cambodia by Communists. Cronkite’s public verdict that the 1968 Tet offensive was a “defeat” for the U.S. is widely seen as a turning point in American support for the war. Cronkite falsely claimed that the Vietcong had held the American embassy for six hours and that the offensive “went on for two months.” The facts show Tet was actually a major defeat for the NVA and VC.
Accuracy in Media founder and longtime AIM Report editor Reed Irvine noted that Cronkite “contributed a great deal to our defeat in Vietnam.” When you hear anybody mention Walter, give them facts and remind them what a treasonous liar he was.

Lewis Bernstein - 7/25/2009

Goes back to the official history's observation that the news media's evaluation of the situation usually lagged behind public opinion.

William J. Stepp - 7/23/2009

Agreed. Is it true he actually cried when he reported the death of JFK?
A friend of mine (who was not a libertarian) in school once called him Walter Concrete.

Vernon Clayson - 7/23/2009

Walter Cronkite was a tiresome nag, now Bob Schieffer has taken on that duty, droning on endlessly about life's injustices. Walter Cronkite was not a great man, he was a newsman who had the good fortune to not have competitors. Today, his dour countenance and tiresome nags wouldn't find an audience.

William J. Stepp - 7/22/2009

Thanks for the correction. It looked funny when posting it. And I also spelled Walter Cronkite's last name incorrectly.

Antonio Calabria - 7/22/2009

William J. Stepp - 7/21/2009

A fine assessment of a classic post hoc ergo proctor hoc fallacy. Walter Conkrite was the messenger, not the mover.


Early years (1941–1948) Edit

Upon becoming commercial station WCBW (channel 2, now WCBS-TV) on July 1, 1941, the pioneer CBS television station in New York City broadcast two daily news programs, at 2:30 p.m. and 8:00 p.m. weekdays, anchored by Richard Hubbell. Most of the newscasts featured Hubbell reading a script with only occasional cutaways to a map or still photograph. When Pearl Harbor was bombed on December 7, 1941, WCBW (which was usually off the air on Sunday to give the engineers a day off), took to the air at 8:45 p.m. with an extensive special report. The national emergency even broke down the unspoken wall between CBS radio and television. WCBW executives convinced radio announcers and experts such as George Fielding Elliot and Linton Wells to come down to the Grand Central studios during the evening and give information and commentary on the attack. The WCBW special report that night lasted less than 90 minutes. But that special broadcast pushed the limits of live television in 1941 and opened up new possibilities for future broadcasts. As CBS wrote in a special report to the FCC, the unscheduled live news broadcast on December 7 "was unquestionably the most stimulating challenge and marked the greatest advance of any single problem faced up to that time."

Additional newscasts were scheduled in the early days of the war. In May 1942, WCBW (like almost all television stations) sharply cut back its live program schedule and the newscasts were canceled, since the station temporarily suspended studio operations, resorting exclusively to the occasional broadcast of films. This was primarily because much of the staff had either joined the service or were redeployed to war related technical research, and to prolong the life of the early, unstable cameras which were now impossible to repair due to the wartime lack of parts.

In May 1944, as the war began to turn in favor of the Allies, WCBW reopened the studios and the newscasts returned, briefly anchored by Ned Calmer, and then by Alan Jackson, Everett Holles, and Dwight Cooke. After the war, expanded news programs appeared on the WCBW schedule whose call letters were changed to WCBS-TV in 1946 first anchored by Bob McKee, Milo Boulton, Jim McMullin, and Tom O’Connor, and later by Douglas Edwards in late 1946.

Douglas Edwards (1948–1962) Edit

On May 3, 1948, Edwards began anchoring CBS Television News, a regular 15-minute nightly newscast on the CBS television network, including WCBS-TV. It aired every weeknight at 7:30 p.m., and was the first regularly scheduled, network television news program featuring an anchor (the nightly Lowell Thomas NBC radio network newscast was simulcast on television locally on NBC's WNBT—now WNBC—for a time in the early 1940s and the previously mentioned Richard Hubbell, Ned Calmer, Everett Holles and Milo Boulton on WCBW in the early and mid-1940s, but these were local television broadcasts seen only in New York City). NBC's offering at the time, NBC Television Newsreel (which premiered in February 1948), was simply film footage with voice narration.

The network also broadcast a recap of the week's news stories on a Sunday night program titled Newsweek in Review, which was later retitled The Week in Review and the show was moved to Saturdays. In 1950, the nightly newscast was renamed Douglas Edwards with the News, and in September the following year it became the first news program to be broadcast simultaneously on the East Coast and West Coast through the installation of a new coaxial cable connection. That transcontinental link prompted Edwards to start each broadcast with the updated greeting "Good evening everyone, coast to coast." [6]

On November 30, 1956, the program became the first to use the new technology of videotape to time delay the broadcast (which originated in New York City) for the western United States. [7]

Walter Cronkite (1962–1981) Edit

Walter Cronkite became anchor of the program titled Walter Cronkite with the News on April 16, 1962. On September 2, 1963, the program, retitled CBS Evening News, became the first half-hour weeknight news broadcast of network television and was moved to 6:30 p.m. Eastern time (the Huntley-Brinkley Report on NBC expanded to 30 minutes exactly one week later on September 9, 1963). As before, some affiliates (including flagship owned-and-operated station WCBS-TV in New York City) had the option of carrying a later edition, this time scheduled for 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time. NBC also allowed this practice for the Huntley-Brinkley Report, with ABC later following it for the ABC Evening News (now ABC World News Tonight). The networks ended this practice after 1971, although some affiliates – mostly in larger markets – continued to carry the national newscasts at 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time on a half-hour tape delay.

The CBS Evening News was first transmitted in color as a one-evening test broadcast on August 19, 1965, [8] before permanently switching to the format on January 31, 1966. [9] Cronkite's prime time special report, Who, What, When, Where, Why, broadcast on February 27, 1968, ended with his declaration that the United States could only hope for a stalemate in Vietnam. It is often credited with influencing Lyndon Johnson's decision to drop out of the race for President. "If I've lost Walter Cronkite . [I]'ve lost Middle America", he stated. [10]

Under Cronkite, the newscast began what would eventually become an 18-year period of dominating the ratings among the network evening news programs. [11] In the process, Cronkite became "the most trusted man in America" according to a Gallup Poll, a status that had first been fostered in November 1963 through his coverage of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. [12]

In late 1972, Cronkite prodded the show's producers to feature two nights of lengthy explanation on the Watergate scandal, which had been extensively covered by The Washington Post, but had not received major national coverage. After the first half of the report, shown on a Friday, ran for 14 minutes, roughly half of the air time of the broadcast, White House officials complained to CBS founder William S. Paley. The second half of the report was aired the following Monday, but only for eight minutes. [13]

Dan Rather (1981–2005) Edit

1981–1993 Edit

Cronkite was replaced as anchor of the program the Monday after his retirement, March 9, 1981, by 49-year-old Dan Rather, [14] who had been with CBS News as a correspondent since the early 1960s and later became a correspondent for the network's newsmagazine 60 Minutes. Concerns about excessive liberalism in the media were frequently leveled at Rather, the CBS Evening News, CBS News, and CBS in general. [15] [16] [17] Some of these concerns dated from Rather's position as White House correspondent for the network's news division during the Nixon administration. An interview in January 1988 related to the Iran–Contra affair with Vice President George H. W. Bush where the two engaged in a shouting match on live television did little to dispel those concerns. [18] [19] Rather unapologetically defended his behavior in statements the following day, [20] [21] [22] [23] and Bush went on to win the presidential election in November.

Earlier, on September 1, 1986, amidst a brewing battle among CBS's Board of Directors for control of the company and turmoil at CBS News, Rather closed his Monday broadcast with the word "courage," repeating it the following night. On September 3, Rather said the masculine noun for the Spanish word for "courage," "coraje" (the primary translation for "courage" in Spanish is "valor"). In the face of media attention and pleas from his staff, Rather abandoned the signoff on September 8. [24]

On September 11, 1987, Rather marched off-camera in anger just before a remote broadcast when it appeared that CBS Sports' coverage of a U.S. Open tennis semifinal match between Steffi Graf and Lori McNeil was going to overrun into time allotted for his program. [25] Rather was in Miami covering the visit to the city by Pope John Paul II. When the tennis match ended sooner than expected at 6:32 p.m. Eastern Time, Rather was nowhere to be found, and six minutes of dead air followed before he returned to the broadcast position [26] nearly half of the audience watched and waited. Rather attempted to explain his actions with a statement release on Sunday, [27] but made no mention of it on his next newscast on Monday, delayed by the men's final. [28] By 1990, the CBS Evening News had fallen to third place in the ratings, behind ABC's World News Tonight with Peter Jennings and NBC Nightly News with Tom Brokaw. [11]

On January 23, 1991, demonstrators from the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) broke into the CBS News studio and chanted "Fight AIDS, not Arabs" during the show's introduction. One protester was seen on camera just as Rather began speaking. Rather immediately called for a commercial break and later apologized to viewers about the incident. [29]

Connie Chung as co-anchor (1993–1995) Edit

On June 1, 1993, CBS News correspondent Connie Chung began co-anchoring the broadcast with Rather. Chung normally co-anchored in the studio with Rather, but sometimes one of them appeared on location, while the other remained in the studio. Though Rather never said so publicly, CBS News insiders said he did not approve of her appointment. [30] Chung's last broadcast as co-anchor was on May 18, 1995.

1995–2005 Edit

The newscast returned to a solo anchor format on May 19, 1995, with Dan Rather continuing in his role as anchor. At age 73, Rather retired from the Evening News on March 9, 2005, exactly 24 years after succeeding Cronkite.

Rather left the anchor position amidst controversy and a credibility crisis over reports broadcast during the 2004 presidential election campaign. The report was a segment featured on a September 2004 broadcast of 60 Minutes Wednesday questioning President George W. Bush's Texas Air National Guard record. [31] [32] Conservative activists challenged the authenticity of the documents used for the report. A number of bloggers analyzed scans of the documents, and rapidly concluded they were forgeries. Subsequently, CBS commissioned an independent inquiry into the matter and several CBS staffers were fired or asked to resign.

After departing from the Evening News, Rather remained with CBS News as a correspondent. On June 20, 2006, CBS News President Sean McManus announced that Rather and CBS had agreed to end his 44-year career with the network. [33]

Bob Schieffer (2005–2006) Edit

On March 10, 2005, Rather was succeeded on an interim basis by Face the Nation host and CBS News correspondent Bob Schieffer. At the time Schieffer took over, it was uncertain how long he would host the broadcast, whether it would retain its current structure, or instead adopt some kind of multiple host or alternative format. Under Rather in the years leading up to his retirement, the CBS Evening News trailed its rivals at ABC and NBC by a fairly large margin. White House correspondent John Roberts, and Scott Pelley, his predecessor in that position, were often mentioned as possible successors to Rather when he retired. [34] Jim Axelrod became White House correspondent when Roberts later left for CNN.

In the months following Rather's departure, the program came to emphasize live exchanges between Schieffer and various CBS News correspondents around the world. In contrast to traditional network news practice, these exchanges were unrehearsed as part of an effort to make the language on the broadcast sound more "natural". [35] Viewership increased over this period, with the program being the only network evening news broadcast to gain viewers during 2005. In November 2005, CBS announced that CBS Evening News executive producer Jim Murphy would be replaced by Rome Hartman, who took over in January 2006.

Schieffer led the CBS Evening News to become the #2 evening news broadcast, ahead of ABC's World News Tonight. The death of anchor Peter Jennings in 2005 coupled with the adoption of a dual-anchor format on World News Tonight and life-threatening injuries suffered by Bob Woodruff when an Iraqi military convoy he rode in hit a road-side bomb, leaving Elizabeth Vargas as sole anchor, in January 2006 put the ABC News division in flux. When Charles Gibson was appointed as anchor of World News Tonight, ABC regained stability and momentum to regain the #2 spot.

Bob Schieffer's final CBS Evening News broadcast occurred on August 31, 2006. Russ Mitchell filled in for the following two nights (September 1 and 4, 2006), after which he was succeeded by Katie Couric on September 5, 2006.

Katie Couric (2006–2011) Edit

On December 1, 2005, it was reported that Katie Couric, co-anchor of NBC's Today, was considering an offer by CBS to anchor the Evening News. Couric officially signed a contract to become anchor of the CBS Evening News on April 1, 2006, and formally announced four days later on Today that she would be leaving the show and NBC News after a 15-year run as the morning show's co-anchor. [36] Ratings during Couric's period as anchor fluctuated, seemingly improving at times, but also posting historic lows rivaling those dating back to at least the 1991–92 season. [37]

Couric began working at CBS News in July 2006. During her first broadcast as anchor on September 5, 2006, a new graphics package and set, and a new theme composed by Academy Award-winning composer James Horner were introduced. Similar graphics and music would be introduced on other CBS News programs such as Up to the Minute, CBS Morning News and The Early Show throughout the month of October. A new opening title sequence was designed, with Walter Cronkite providing the voiceover, replacing Wendell Craig unless a temporary voice-over was needed. Following Cronkite's death months earlier, actor Morgan Freeman recorded a new voice-over for the title sequence, which debuted on January 4, 2010. The program also debuted a new feature called "freeSpeech" in which different Americans, ranging from well-known national figures to average people, would provide news commentary. [38] After overwhelmingly negative reaction, the segment was discontinued.

On March 8, 2007, The New York Times reported that the program's executive producer Rome Hartman was being replaced by television news veteran Rick Kaplan. Hartman left as executive producer on March 7. Kaplan came to the Evening News after stints at MSNBC, CNN, and ABC's World News Tonight with Peter Jennings.

On April 4, 2007, Couric did a one-minute commentary about the importance of reading, in a piece substantially lifted from a Wall Street Journal column by Jeffrey Zaslow. Couric claimed that she remembered her first library card, but the words were all from Zaslow's column. It was determined that a producer had actually written the piece. What made the plagiarism especially striking was the personal flavor of the video – which was subsequently removed from the website after the situation came to light that began, "I still remember when I got my first library card, browsing through the stacks for my favorite books." [39]

Much of the rest of the script was stolen from the Journal article. Zaslow said at the time that CBS had "been very gracious and apologetic, and we at the Journal appreciate it." [40] In a case of double plagiarism, the producer who wrote the piece copied from someone else for Couric, and the anchor claimed the words were hers when they were not. [41] [42] The producer responsible for Couric's piece, Melissa McNamara, was fired hours after the Journal contacted CBS News to complain. [40] [43] The network promised changes in its procedures. [44]

On July 28, 2008, the CBS Evening News became the third network evening newscast to begin broadcasting in high definition (behind NBC Nightly News and PBS's The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer). [45]

On August 27, 2008, Mediabistro wrote a piece about the Big Three network newscasts, praising Couric's Evening News for extensive reporting that had, in its opinion, content better than its rivals. [46] Another critic from MarketWatch praised Couric's work and said that people should watch out for her in 2009. [47] Washington Post writer Tom Shales praised Couric as a warmer, more benevolent presence than her two competitors, something that she brought to the program nearly 16 years of goodwill from doing "Today" and becoming America's sweetheart, or else very close to it, and he claimed that this goodwill remained. Shales added that viewers "may find bad news less discomforting and sleep-depriving if Couric gives it to them". He also added that she does not try to "sugarcoat" or "prettify" grim realities. According to Shales, the Evening News may be a more hospitable, welcoming sort of place than its competitors. He concluded by stating that "it's naive to think that viewers choose their news anchor based solely on strict journalistic credentials, though Couric's do seem to be in order, despite her critics' claims". [48]

The CBS Evening News with Katie Couric won the 2008 and 2009 Edward R. Murrow Award for best newscast. In September 2008, Couric interviewed Republican Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin, earning respect from a MarketWatch critic for asking tough questions. [49] In 2011, the program was the recipient of both an Emmy for Outstanding Continuing Coverage and the Edward R. Murrow Award for Video News Series for foreign correspondent Terry McCarthy's feature story "Afghan Bomb Squad". [50] [51]

On May 18, 2009, the newscast's graphics were overhauled, using a blue and red color scheme with web-influenced motifs and layouts. The new graphics design featured a look influenced by the graphics that CBS used during the 2008 presidential election coverage. [52]

On April 3, 2011, the Associated Press reported that Couric would be leaving the Evening News when her contract expired in June. Couric later confirmed her departure to People magazine, citing a desire for "a format that will allow (her) to engage in more multi-dimensional storytelling." [53] On May 13, 2011, Couric announced that the following Thursday, May 19, 2011 would be her last broadcast.

Despite originally retooling the newscasts to add more features, interviews, and human interest stories, over time it returned to the hard news format popularized by Cronkite. [54] Harry Smith served as an interim anchor until Pelley's tenure started on June 6, 2011 (like Couric before him, Smith would also depart from CBS a month later).

Scott Pelley (2011–2017) Edit

In an April 2011 article, the New York Times reported that 60 Minutes correspondent Scott Pelley was considered to be the front-runner to replace Couric as anchor of the program. [55]

On May 3, 2011, CBS confirmed that Pelley would replace Couric as anchor for the CBS Evening News in June. [56] [57] [58] The graphics were subtly updated (the Couric 2009-2011 graphics were used for the first two days of Pelley's tenure as anchor in 2011), the American flag background on the news set (which had been used since the 2008 elections, this was last used on Harry Smith interim anchor episodes until 2011) was replaced by a replica of the globe fixture during the Cronkite era, and the James Horner theme was replaced by the 1987–91 theme composed by Trivers-Myers Music that was used during the Rather era (the theme was last used on Up to the Minute on June 24, 2011, and was replaced by the Rather and Pelley theme the same year). [59] In his first nine months in the anchor chair, Pelley gained an additional 821,000 viewers. CBS News also enjoyed increases in its audience for special news events. After election night in 2012, Variety wrote, "With Scott Pelley front and center the Eye was up 8% from four years ago." The CBS Evening News had increased its audience every year from 2011 through 2015. On May 29, 2015, media website The Wrap wrote: "These days, CBS brass may finally have a reason to smile. On Wednesday, the network announced 'Evening News with Scott Pelley' added more than 1.25 million viewers over the past four years – a whopping 21 percent jump. The show also saw audience growth for the fifth consecutive season, the first time any network evening news broadcast has done that since 1987."

At the end of the 2015–2016 television season, CBS News announced, "The CBS Evening News with Scott Pelley, America's fastest growing network evening news broadcast, finished the 2015–16 television season with CBS's highest ratings in the time period in 10 years (since the 2005–06 season), according to Nielsen most current ratings. The CBS Evening News has grown its audience for six consecutive seasons, a first-time achievement for any network evening news broadcast since the advent of people meters (since at least 1987). Under Pelley, who assumed the anchor chair in June 2011, the CBS Evening News has added +1.4 million viewers and an audience increase of + 23%, which is double NBC and ABC's growth combined over the same period (since the 2010–11 season).

"Pelley has refocused the program towards hard news and away from the soft news and infotainment features of the early Katie Couric era. Story selection has focused more on foreign policy, Washington politics, and economic subjects. [60] The program's audience viewership began to grow immediately, closing the gap between the CBS Evening News and its competitors by one million viewers within a year, although the CBS program remains in third place among the network evening newscasts. [61] In late May 2016, a new theme tune composed by Joel Beckerman of Man Made Music was introduced. [59] Later that same year in December, the program moved permanently into CBS Studio 57, which the newscast used during their 2016 election coverage (moving from its longtime home of studio 47) at the CBS Broadcast Center and gained a new set to go with it. [62]

On May 30, 2017, reports surfaced confirming that Scott Pelley had been relieved of his duties at CBS Evening News. Pelley remained at CBS News as a 60 Minutes correspondent. Pelley reportedly asked staff members to clear out his office. [63] [64] The move was made official on May 31, 2017 and Anthony Mason was named interim anchor. [65] [66] On June 6, 2017, CBS Evening News announced that Pelley would anchor until June 16, 2017.

Jeff Glor (2017–2019) Edit

On October 25, 2017, CBS News announced that correspondent Jeff Glor would be the new CBS Evening News anchor. [67] [68] On November 26, 2017, the organization announced his first official air date for December 4, 2017. [69] Together with Glor's debut, the newscast also updated its looks and used a new logotype and updated typography, using Ridley Grotesk as its base. [70] [71] However, the theme music and set from the later Pelley era were retained. On May 6, 2019, it was announced that Glor would be leaving CBS Evening News. His last day of his broadcast was May 10, 2019. John Dickerson, Major Garrett, Margaret Brennan, Anthony Mason, David Begnaud, Jim Axelrod, and Maurice DuBois anchored on an interim basis until Norah O'Donnell took the anchor chair on July 15, 2019. [72] [73]

Norah O'Donnell (2019–present) Edit

On May 6, 2019, CBS News announced that Norah O'Donnell was named anchor and managing editor of CBS Evening News to replace Jeff Glor, effective July 15, 2019. [74] [75] It was also announced that the show would be moving to Washington, D.C. on December 2, 2019. [76] This marks the first time that a major network evening news program is based outside of New York since 1978, when ABC World News Tonight used bureaus in Washington, Chicago and London for its broadcast. The set received minor facelifts, and the theme music was re-arranged.

The CBS Evening News expanded to weekend evenings in February 1966, originally anchored by Roger Mudd. The Sunday edition of the program was dropped in September 1971, when CBS began airing 60 Minutes in the 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time (5:00 p.m. Central) slot in order to help affiliates fulfill requirements imposed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)'s Prime Time Access Rule. The Sunday edition returned in January 1976, when the network moved 60 Minutes one hour later to 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time, where that program remains to this day (except when the NFL on CBS is scheduled to air a doubleheader on those Sundays, 60 Minutes is scheduled for 7:30 p.m. ET).

From 2011 to 2014, the CBS Evening News was the only remaining network evening newscast that used separate anchors for its Saturday and Sunday editions (NBC Nightly News previously used separate anchors for both weekend broadcasts until John Seigenthaler was appointed anchor of both the Saturday and Sunday editions in 1999, while ABC's World News Tonight maintained separate anchors for its weekend editions until Saturday anchor David Muir also assumed anchor duties on the program's Sunday edition in 2011). John Roberts did anchor both Saturday and Sunday editions of the CBS Evening News for several months in 1999. More recently, Russ Mitchell served as the weekend anchor for the CBS Evening News until December 2011, when he announced his resignation from CBS News to take a lead anchor position with NBC affiliate WKYC-TV in Cleveland, Ohio. The following year, Mitchell was replaced on the weekend editions by Jim Axelrod on Saturdays and Jeff Glor on Sundays.

Weekend editions of the CBS Evening News were periodically abbreviated or preempted outright due to CBS Sports programming. [77] On May 2, 2016, CBS announced that the weekend editions of the CBS Evening News, effective May 7, 2016, would be revamped as the CBS Weekend News, with the Saturday and Sunday editions anchored by Reena Ninan and Elaine Quijano, respectively (the Saturday edition airs only on the West Coast from September through mid December due to CBS' longstanding SEC football coverage). CBS News executive editor Steve Capus argued that "given the number of sports overruns and out-and-out pre-emptions, it would be better for us as a news organization to come up with what I think is a smarter, 24-hour approach to covering the world, and making sure we've got all the bases covered." [78]

Impact of COVID-19 Edit

In March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic caused the temporary shutdown of the CBS Broadcast Center after a number of CBS News staffers tested positive for the virus. While the network did reopen the facility for a brief period, further positive tests along with a number of corporate directives by CBS News President Susan Zirinsky resulted in a second, indefinite shutdown of the Broadcast Center. With no live weekend sporting events for the next three months (primarily due to the cancellation of CBS's March Madness coverage as well as the temporary pause of the 2019–20 PGA Tour season) resulting in no likely sports pre-emptions, production of the CBS Weekend News was dramatically altered with CBS News staffers outsourcing certain production services to select CBS-owned stations and affiliates, who would originate the newscasts from the stations' respective studios with the station or affiliate's main anchors serving as the program's anchor for the weekend. [79] The usage of local CBS stations and affiliates was, in part, to reduce the pressure on CBS News' Washington, D.C. bureau, where the weeknight CBS Evening News is based, as it had already taken on increased responsibilities during the pandemic. [79]

The following CBS affiliates assisted with production of the CBS Weekend News from March 14 until May 31:

  • March 14–15: KCBS Los Angeles (CBS O&O) [80]
  • March 21–22 & 28-29: KTVT Fort Worth-Dallas (CBS O&O) [79]
  • April 4–5: KCNC Denver (CBS O&O) [81]
  • April 11–12: KHOU Houston [82]
  • April 18–19: WGCL Atlanta [83]
  • April 25–26: WUSA Washington, D.C. [84]
  • May 2–3: KIRO Seattle [85]
  • May 9–10: WTTV Indianapolis [86]
  • May 16–17: KOIN Portland, Oregon [87]
  • May 23–24: KOVR Sacramento (CBS O&O) [88]
  • May 30–31: KMOV St. Louis [89]

From June 7, 2020 (a special Saturday edition of the CBS Evening News covering the weekend's George Floyd protests aired the previous day) until December 2020, with CBS Sports set to resume live coverage of the PGA Tour, CBS News resumed full production of the CBS Weekend News with either chief Washington correspondent Major Garrett or Los Angeles correspondent Jamie Yuccas presiding as anchor, as production for all CBS News programs from the CBS Broadcast Center remained temporarily suspended. On December 4, 2020, CBS News announced correspondents Adriana Diaz and Jericka Duncan would be promoted into permanent anchor positions, with Diaz leading the Saturday edition from the network's Chicago bureau at WBBM-TV and Duncan leading the Sunday edition from the CBS Broadcast Center. [90]

CBS introduced a Western edition of the program in 1979, which was anchored by Terry Drinkwater [91] with staff based in its Los Angeles bureau being placed on standby for updates to the main CBS Evening News broadcast each weeknight this lasted until September 1985, when CBS News instituted layoffs at the Los Angeles bureau following a successful fending off of a takeover attempt of the network by Ted Turner. [92] The program eventually resumed production of the Western edition from its New York City and now Washington studios (which may also be produced from remote locations where the program is broadcast when warranted). The host will announce, "good evening to our viewers in the West" and packages may be updated to reflect late breaking news.

    (1941-1942) (1944) (1944-1945) (1944-1945) (1945-1946) (1945-1946) (1946) (1946) (1946-1947) (1946–1962) (1962–1981) (Western Edition co-anchor 1979–1985) (1981–2005) (co-anchor 1993–1995) (2005–2006) (2006–2011) (2011–2017) (2017) (2017–2019) (2019–present)
    (1966–1973) (1973–1976) (1976–1996) (1996–1999) (1999) (1999–2008) (2008–2010) (1999–2008 2010–2011) (2012–2016) (2016–2020) (2020)
  • Jamie Yuccas (2020) (2020–present)
    (1976) (1976–1984) (1985–1989) (1989–1993) (1993–1995) (1995–2006) (2006–2011) (2012–2016) (2016–2020) (2020)
  • Jamie Yuccas (2020) (2020–present)

An audio simulcast of the CBS Evening News airs weekdays on some CBS News Radio affiliates. Most stations (such as KNX in Los Angeles and KYW in Philadelphia) carry only the first thirteen to fifteen minutes of the broadcast, before resuming regular programming, with stations in the Pacific and Mountain Time Zones carrying it ahead of the program's broadcast on local CBS stations. WCBS in New York, WBZ in Boston, and WDCH-FM in Washington, D.C. are among the few that simulcast the full half-hour broadcast from 6:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time. In addition to an audio simulcast, the CBS Evening News is also available in a podcast format. [94]

In Australia, the program is shown daily on Sky News Australia at 11:30 a.m. in New Zealand, Sky News broadcasts the program live at 1:30 a.m. local time.

From 17 March 1987 until the early 2000s, the program is shown daily (from Tuesday to Saturday) with french subtitles on french network Canal+ at 7:00 a.m. every morning. [95] [96]

The program is broadcast on the American Network in Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador.

In Japan, the CBS Evening News is shown on BS-TBS as part of that network's morning news program. [97]

The Evening News was broadcast live on ATV World in Hong Kong daily until January 1, 2009. Belize's Tropical Vision Limited occasionally airs the program as a substitute for its airing of the NBC Nightly News on Saturdays and occasionally during the week.

Watch the video: The famous grave of Walter Cronkite - Americas most trusted man??? (May 2022).